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  IDS coverage of the 2016 presidential election.

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Students attend the inauguration of President Trump

WASHINGTON, D.C. — For a few IU students who were able to make the trip, a Friday morning lesson in civics took place at the United States Capitol instead of in their usual Bloomington classrooms. The swearing-in of President Trump offered an up-close chance to experience one of the most ceremonial days in the American political cycle.

Senior Becca Silbar was positioned to report on the inauguration from the White House before the sun even began to rise.

“I really, really enjoy it, regardless of the politics behind it,” Silbar said. “It’s an amazing experience.”

As a production assistant for Fox News, Silbar has worked throughout election season to cover debates, rallies and the Republican National Convention. She said her work has mostly focused on Republican events because Fox is more connected to the Republican Party.

“I feel like I’ve been there from the start,” Silbar said. “I was at the first primary, and now here we are at the end, which is kind of crazy.”

Silbar estimated she missed about a month and a half of school for campaign events but said she knowingly traded the classroom for real-world experience.

Silbar said Fox is a good company to work for because she is rewarded with better experiences the more she works for them. In the past she has escorted IU alumnus Mark Cuban for a show and delivered coffee to Vice President Mike Pence at the RNC .

“It’s really cool that before I graduate school I’ll have seven or eight television credits,” Silbar said.

Sophomore Hannah Kraus and junior Nick Magers traveled to the East Coast for their own enjoyment.

“It was kind of a spur-of-the-moment thing,” Kraus said. “It’s never like I’ve always wanted to go to an inauguration.”

Kraus said she found cheap plane tickets right after the election, and the couple were able to secure access to a ticketed area of the inauguration by sending a request through their legislators. They were surprised by how easy the process was, they said.

Magers had attended Trump rallies in the past, but of the two, Kraus is more politically involved.

She likes to keep up with the news and regularly attends meetings for College Republicans at IU, she said. In the past election, she was an election judge at Union Street Center and made sure everything was fair and nonpartisan.

Even so, she still recognized how different attending the inauguration was.

“This is the most intense thing I’ve done politically,” she said.

Her support for Trump came after her first-choice candidate, Marco Rubio, dropped out of the race before the Indiana primary, she said. As she entered the voting booth on primary day, she knew she had to make a decision between Trump and Ted Cruz, Kraus said. Ultimately, she chose the man who would go on to become president. She said she felt confident in her decision as she walked out of the voting booth.

“I just went with my gut and hit the button,” Kraus said.

Magers said he was drawn to Trump because the former businessman didn’t always stick to the typical political correctness most candidates have.

The two said they consider themselves to be part of the silent majority.

The couple said they felt the atmosphere in Bloomington is much more hostile toward Trump supporters. In contrast, the inauguration crowd wanted to celebrate its new leader, they said. It was a pleasant surprise for them to see people wearing their Trump gear out in the open.

Magers typically avoids wearing his Trump hat at IU or back home in Indianapolis for fear of being misinterpreted as a bigot, he said.

“You never know what look you may get or what someone may say or think of you,” Magers said.

He said he may consider pinning his “Hoosiers for Trump” button on his backpack, but Kraus said she thinks she will continue to keep her ideals to herself.

“I’m just hoping for a respectful next four years,” Kraus said.

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A Trump supporter sits in a car pulling a float through the Women's March on Washington on Jan. 21 in Washington, D.C. Protestors, Trump supporters and police officers came head to head downtown when Trump supporters drove their float through the middle of the march with a police escort.

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'Trump Survival Guide' limits its audience but contains valuable context

In slightly more than two months since the general election, The New York Times bestselling author Gene Stone has written and published a handbook for Americans who voted against the president-elect.

As the name suggests, “The Trump Survival Guide” assumes its readers were and are actively opposed to President Trump’s presidency.

That’s actually a shame.

The book's main function is dispensing information about groups with which a concerned reader could become involved. The goal is preparing the general public to fight any unwanted proposals Trump can and likely will make in office, or, as the cover states, giving the reader “everything you need to know about living through what you hoped would never happen.”

The problem with “The Trump Survival Guide,” as with many pieces of writing that have been published since the election, is that it will not be useful to some people who might want to know the information inside of it - specifically, the ones who didn't vote for Hillary Clinton or a third-party candidate.

In short, Stone clearly chooses his own audience with this guide, but if he had chosen to write from a more neutral tone of voice, he might have advanced his information-sharing and civic action goals further.

There’s a lot of good information in this survival guide for those who want to throw themselves into civil service. Stone suggests dedicated readers join school boards, complete volunteer work or enroll in programs they don’t want to see disappear.

Less strenuous options include signing petitions, calling Congressmen and donating to various nonpartisan organizations that will likely weigh in on controversial executive actions.

However, there’s a third, much larger portion of the book that is mainly informative.

That’s the historical context folded into each section of the book. 

In order to give readers a more holistic view of every issue, Stone outlines the United States’ history with each issue — often beginning in the 1800s — up to Barack Obama’s presidency.

The guide is separated into key platform issues — civil rights, the economy, energy and partisanship.

From there, he details the actions Obama took on each issue and their reception, then applies Trump’s personal and professional history to the same issues to predict what he could enact during his presidency.

While there’s no pretense that Stone didn’t support Obama in office or that he has high hopes for Trump, those pieces of each chapter are invaluable to those who might not fully understand how they’re affected by current policies, which are all shaped by history.

Unfortunately, because those nuggets of information are wrapped up in a blueprint on stymying many of the Republican government’s goals, anyone not fully on the left is unlikely to read them.

It must be incredibly difficult to try to figure out political moves before the inauguration and far ahead of many possible policy changes. It has been difficult enough to foresee the state of American politics in the last few months.

Stone is weakest when he tries to draw on information from November to predict Trump’s cabinet and their future actions. Some picks have remained correct — Betsy DeVos’ nomination as education secretary panned out, but fracking mogul Harold Hamm declined the energy secretary nomination in early December.

As Stone writes, “presidents are best judged by history,” and this author wasn’t even working with all of the information leading up to Trump’s inauguration.

Much of Stone’s book is interesting. The citations throughout the chapters are clear, and the details are easy to parse.

He seems concerned with ensuring that people are good citizens as much as, if not more than, he is with hindering the current executive branch.

It’s fitting, then, that the guide begins and ends with pleas for tolerance. Stone’s first section deals with civil rights, and his last paragraphs ask readers to begin by befriending and looking out for racial minorities in their lives.

Given all of the partisan rhetoric leading up to and after the election, it’s refreshing to see an empathetic argument for more tolerance. Virtually everyone can benefit from a reminder to take a look outside of their own cultural community.

It’s just too bad that many bookstore browsers will feel too alienated by the book’s title to receive this advice..

More gather for D.C. women's march than for inauguration

WASHINGTON, D.C. — Friday was for red baseball caps. Saturday was for pink pussy hats.

Nearly a million people gathered south of the National Mall on Saturday for the Women’s March on Washington, a protest against the inauguration of President Trump and his administration’s stances on various social issues. Other marches took place across the nation in cities including Chicago, New York City, Indianapolis, Los Angeles and Boston, and around the world in London; Paris; Dublin; Cape Town, South Africa; and Nairobi, Kenya.

The march in Washington, D.C., drew more people to the capital than Friday’s inauguration ceremonies. At the event’s start, the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority — Washington’s metro rail department — said about 275,000 people had ridden the metro by 11 a.m., eight times more than a normal Saturday. The WMATA said this was higher than both crowds for Trump’s and George W. Bush’s second inauguration.

Reports prior to the event suggested about 200,000 were expected to be at the march.

A variety of speakers and performers initiated the event. Speakers included leading feminist authors Gloria Steinem and Angela Davis; actresses Ashley Judd and Scarlett Johansson; singers Madonna, Janelle Monae and Alicia Keys; Washington Mayor Muriel Bowser; and various union and organization leaders. 

"This is an outpouring of energy and true democracy like I have never seen in my very long life," Steinem said in her speech. "It is wide in age. It is deep in diversity," 

Though it was named a women's march and most of the rallying topics included female health and work rights, various other speeches were about immigration, climate change, education, safeguarding Muslims, police brutality against African-Americans and the patriarchal society. 

Scores of homemade signs with variations of "my pussy grabs back," "black lives matter" and "not my president," among others, were raised by marchers. Pink hats with corners at the top — symbolizing a vagina — were the symbol of the rallies across the world. Most were knitted or sewn at home, or were purchased from others at the march. 

Some said they came to the rally to stand up against hate, for which Trump and the Republican party are often criticized. Others said they came for their families, with some even bringing their children.

Most everyone there, however, was there for themselves. 

"Women's rights are human rights," the crowd chanted.

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Indianapolis rallies in solidarity with Washington, DC, women's marches

INDIANAPOLIS — More than 7,500 demonstrators gathered on the Statehouse lawn in Indianapolis on Saturday to protest President Trump’s inauguration and to hear activists and community organizers from across the state speak.

Many wore pink hats with ears to show solidarity with women’s rights movements. People sang “We Will Overcome” and “We Are One” in unison. They came bearing signs and T-shirts supporting women’s rights, Black Lives Matter, LGBT rights and environmental justice.

The rally was just one of more than six hundred rallies and demonstrations for women’s rights worldwide.

“It’s a big deal for us to be able to represent ourselves and to be able to show that we’re not going to stand by while other people tell us what we need to do,” said Mariam Ali from Indianapolis.

For Mariam, motivation to attend the Women’s March rally comes not only from her gender, but also from her religion, she said.

“As a Muslim I believe that everything happens for a reason, and whether it’s good or bad it’s good because God knows what’s best for us,” Ali said. “Hopefully this reason will be that it is allowing us to unite together and work together.”

Other attendees were not so optimistic about the next four years, and many expressed a fear of losing many of their civil rights.

“I think he’s going to try to take away our rights—some of our rights that we’ve already fought for,” said Ayana Stanley Jones, an organizer for Indy10 Black Lives Matter.

Jones’ own experiences with racism and misogyny have shaped her views and support of black liberation and rights for women of color.

“As a black woman I have faced racism,” Jones said. “I faced abuse from men and men saying things like ‘you’re pretty for a black girl.’”

Many men also came out to show support the Women’s March and stressed the importance of male involvement in women’s rights movements.

“It’s kind of ridiculous that women aren’t treated the same as men,” Colin Nesbit from Indianapolis said. “If anyone tried to take away any men’s rights there would be rioting in the streets and things would be on fire.”

Brett Morgan, a sophomore at IU-Purdue University Indianapolis, said he didn’t know why the march wasn’t important to everybody, regardless of gender.

“We’re all born from women,” Morgan said. “I mean, I find reproductive rights extremely important, women’s representation, everything.”

“Girls get glittered,” Anne Gross, a 24-year-old from Indianapolis, said while standing on a platform. She poured glitter on people passing underneath her.

“I came here to feel as one with everyone — to know I’m not alone,” Gross said. “So I’m spreading glitter for girls to spread hope and love and just know no one is alone. We’re all here. Whether it’s mental, physical, spiritual, we’re all here.”

Signs bore slogans such as “Tell Trump: It is Unamerican to ban Muslims,” “Our rights are not up for grabs. Neither are we” and “Pussy grabs back.”

“I think one of the biggest things is just to be there for people who feel forgotten,” said Lily Schwab, a sophomore from Ball State.

Former Hillary Clinton campaigner Terri Siler organized the event. Speakers encouraged unity, determination and community.

“Maybe we got a little complacent in 2008 because we elected a black president, and it’s like ‘oh, we’re post-racial,’ but this election showed us we have so much further to go as a nation,” said Dana Black, a 2016 democratic candidate for the Indiana House of Representatives. “To see all these people out here lets me know that there are a lot of people that are fired up.”

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IU freshman Afeefa Iqbal holds a sign during the Women's March in Indianapolis on Saturday afternoon. 

Marlie Bruns Buy Photos
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D.C.'s Friday protests pit some attendees against Trump supporters

WASHINGTON, D.C. — While most attendants came to Washington, D.C., to celebrate the inauguration of Donald Trump, a vocal group continued to protest the man many Americans do not want leading their country.

The 64-year-old Seattle native Trip Allen carried a Black Lives Matter sign stuck with painter’s tape to a pink Thunderstick, an inflatable noisemakers they pass out at sporting events to make everyone as loud as possible.

“I could not sit by and let democracy fade away,” Allen said. “I felt like I had to bear witness and raise my voice, right at this moment.”

[Anti-trump protesters take over downtown Bloomington streets | IDS]

Security had specific regulations for the crowd about signs and banners at the inauguration. They demanded the posters be within certain dimensions and banned any poles or supports to hold up posters altogether. Allen’s sign was only slightly larger than a piece of computer paper, and he wasn’t using a traditional support to hold his message above the crowd.

The Thunderstick did not faze the group of soldiers standing on the other side of the crowd-control fence.

Others were not so stoic.

“What about my life?” someone taunted a few feet behind Allen. “What about my life? I’m a white person. My life matters, too!”

Allen argued back that white people are already privileged, saying he was more concerned about the lives of his sister, who had come with him from Chicago and those of his young adult children.

Even as a few more people joined in on the yelling, Allen did not become visibly frightened. He said there was too much security for him to worry about anyone retaliating.

“I would take a licking and not think a second about it if somebody’s gonna beat me up,” Allen said.

Although he stood alone, many other dissenters also had the same idea to come watch the inauguration, and many stood around him.

He may not have feared for his safety when the arguing began, but two Georgetown University students did.

“Here, you can stand with us,” Georgetown freshman Taylor Kelleher said.

She and her friend, Teresa Montanero, also a freshman, had moved up to the fence to offer Allen security and solidarity.

As the three stood together, the students turned their backs to the All Lives Matter crowd and did not try to argue the politics of the moment.

Montanero wore a Bernie Sanders shirt to the ceremony, but the two women said they did not attend the inauguration for the sake of protesting.

“We thought we should be here whether or not we agree with it,” Kelleher said.

The two said they are concerned for Trump’s presidency because of what it might mean for them as queer women.

“Even walking here today, it still hasn’t settled in, but I think it’s important either way to be here,” Montanero said.

They said they weren't too concerned about their safety at the inauguration, but the threat of the future still weighed on them.

“I think we’re tense,” Montanero said. “As two queer people in a non-majority group, I think it’s uncomfortable.”


For more news from the inauguration follow Indiana Daily Student reporters Emily Ernsberger, Melanie Metzman, Matthew Rasnic, Lydia Gerike and Evan De Stephano on Twitter and @idsnews on Snapchat, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

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President Trump supporters anticipate new era

WASHINGTON — Bright red hats dotted the sea of hopefuls who flocked to the National Mall in Washington, D.C., on Friday to celebrate the transition of power they believe will make America great again.

People in line for general admission to the inauguration talked about how they had been waiting since 4 a.m. just to be as close as possible when Donald Trump became the 45th president of the United States.

“We are transferring power from Washington, D.C., and giving it back to you, the people,” President Trump said to his supporters in his inaugural address.

[Click here for IDS coverage of the 58th Presidential Inauguration and weekend events]

Along the vast expanse of the mall, ideologies clashed just as they had during election season. 

A small crowd clapped as a camouflage-clad young man told a group holding anti-deportation signs that they were wrong. Trump only wanted to free the United States of all the bad people who are now allowed to cross the border, he told them.

“Sorry, dude,” someone else said to a grumbling Hillary Clinton supporter. “Sorry it happened.”

Despite the possibility of rain ruining his artwork, another young man showed his patriotism with face paint — one half
blue with white stars and the other half red and white stripes.

Some people draped flags over their shoulders to assure other attendees that he or she supported the U.S., Trump or Israel. Others used their makeshift capes to let their neighbors know they would not be tread on.

New York City’s infamous Naked Cowboy transferred to D.C. for the weekend to serenade the waiting audience. The street performer wore nothing but his signature cowboy hat and boots, his guitar and a pair of briefs with “TRUMP” written in red and blue across the butt.

“God bless the U.S.A.,” Lee Greenwood crooned in a recording played over the speaker system before the ceremony began at 11:30 a.m.

Those on the usual grassy expanse of the National Mall took shelter under white plastic panels put down by the National Parks Service. The plastic saved the shoes of everyone who may have otherwise been stuck in the mud as well as the Park Service’s work on maintaining the lawn.

Although there is no official number, the D.C. Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Management estimated before the ceremony that between 800,000 and 900,000 people would be in attendance. This meant a large crowd would be there to celebrate the transition of power, but the crowd did not fill the whole mall.

Large swaths of white space remained in different areas like the half-filled pages at the end of the chapters of a book. A young girl — her candidate allegiance undeterminable from the plain winter clothes she wore — used the temporary white plastic flooring to her advantage to glide around in a pair of black Heelys as she and her mother headed toward the information booth.

As former Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton and her husband, former President Bill Clinton, took their seats onstage, a chorus of booing could be heard from the soon-to-be president’s supporters.

Trump’s entrance was met with a much more positive reaction.

“USA, USA," the crowd chanted.

All the while, soldiers, stationed wherever the barricades separated one entrance from the next, lined the fences. Throughout the ceremony, they rarely turned around and exercised self-discipline to keep their eyes on the impassioned civilians.


For more news from the inauguration follow Indiana Daily Student reporters Emily Ernsberger, Melanie Metzman, Matthew Rasnic, Lydia Gerike and Evan De Stephano on Twitter and @idsnews on Snapchat, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

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Donald Trump sworn in as 45th president

WASHINGTON D.C. — President Trump was sworn in at noon. The rain started back up at 12:01.

That did not seem to bother any of the thousands of people witnessing Trump becoming the 45th president of the United States on Friday. He was, after all, there to say the power of democracy was in their hands.

“We are not merely transferring power from one administration to another, or from one party to another, but we are transferring power from Washington, D.C., and giving it back to you, the American people,” he said.

Like he had throughout his campaign, Trump spoke about an “American carnage” of extreme poverty, poor infrastructure, depleting military force, corrupt educational system and a dangerous crime culture. He continued to blame these problems on an inconsiderate federal government and promised to make America great again.

“I will fight for you with every breath in my body, and I will never ever let you down,” he said.

[President Trump supporters anticipate new era | IDS]

He described a nation depending solely on American workers, infrastructure revitalization and a stronger military focused on domestic defense.

“This is how you win,” a person in the crowd said.

Thousands of people gathered from the Capitol building down the National Mall to witness the historic event. Many supporters and spectators arrived in the wee hours of Friday morning.

Former Democratic nominee for president and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was present at the inauguration not completely hiding her discomfort watching her vanquisher. She was accompanying her husband, former President Bill Clinton. Presidents Jimmy Carter, George W. Bush and Barack Obama were also present with their respective wives.

Trump took no stops to throw indirect punches at his predecessors. He suggested they did not care about Americans and do not act on their words.

“He isn’t a politician,” someone in the crowd said.

“He’s a true statesman,” a stranger responded.

Trump cited the Bible to say that good happens with unity and concluded by saying his promise to bring power back to the citizenry can only be achieved with cooperation. 

“When America is united, America is totally unstoppable," Trump said.


For more news from the inauguration follow Indiana Daily Student reporters Emily Ernsberger, Melanie Metzman, Matthew Rasnic, Lydia Gerike and Evan De Stephano on Twitter and @idsnews on Snapchat, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. 

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Eight years of presidential coverage

Look back on eight years of IDS presidential news, editorials and photographs below.

As the Indiana Daily Students bids farewell to 44, our journalists look back on eight years of presidential coverage and embrace the future. 

Five reporters covered President-Elect Donald J. Trump's inauguration in Washington, D.C. Follow us on Twitter and reach out. We’d love to meet up with you in D.C.

Emily Ernsberger, lead reporter: @emilyerns  

Evan De Stefano: @EvanDeStefano  

Lydia Gerika: @lydi_yeah  

Melanie Metzman: @melanie_metzman   

Matt Rasnic: @Matt_Rasnic

Find our entire 2016 presidential election coverage here.




April 14, 2008

Obama crashes Women's Little 500, Nick's

Presidential hopeful Barack Obama made an appearance at the Little 500 women's race in 2008 before heading to Nick's English Hut and signing his name on the wall.


May 2, 2008

Obama: 'I need every Indiana student'

Barack Obama returned to Bloomington less than a month later, this time to speak at a rally in Assembly Hall. His message: "I need every Indiana student to vote for me."


Nov. 5, 2008

'This is our moment'

After 21 months of campaigning, then-President-elect Obama took to the stage in Chicago and greeted thousands as the first black man elected president. In Bloomington our editorial board looked on hopefully.


Jan. 21, 2009

Obama takes historic oath

Two million people watched from the National Mall as President Obama took the oath of office and outlined the nation's challenges in his inaugural address.

“Today I say to you that the challenges we face are real. They are serious, and they are many,” Obama said. “They will not be met easily or in a short span of time, but know this, America. They will be met.”


Nov. 7, 2012

President Obama re-elected

President Obama once again won the popular and electoral votes and kept his title. He delivered a speech from McCormick Place in Chicago. 

“Tonight, in this election, you, the American people, reminded us that while our road has been hard, while our journey has been long, we have picked ourselves up, we have fought our way back and we know in our hearts that for the us of a the best is yet to come,” Obama said.


Jan. 22, 2013

Obama inaugural emphasizes unity, equality for 2nd term

President Obama called for unity in his second and final inaugural address.

“Being true to our founding documents does not require us to agree on every contour of life,” he said. “It does not mean we will all define liberty in exactly the same way, or follow the same precise path to happiness. Progress does not compel us to settle centuries-long debates about the role of government for all time, but it does require us to act in our time.”


Jan. 17, 2017

Remembering Barack Obama

With a critical eye, the IDS Editorial Board reflected on President Obama's legacy.

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Inauguration 2017 Photos

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City-wide protest event designed to oppose inauguration

While many will be anticipating the inauguration of President-elect Donald Trump on Friday, businesses and protest organizers in Bloomington are aiming to make the historic day one of resistance.

Inaugurate the Revolution is a city-wide event bringing in workshops, teach-ins, discussions and projects.

Many events, such as letter-writing for prisoners, discussions on support for indigenous people after Standing Rock, and lectures on public schools and conditional inclusion, are free and open to the public.

Most deadlines to register for workshops — on topics such as feminist activism, refugee crises, media literacy and climate change — have passed, though a few are still open.

Look at the entire list of event descriptions at https://www.inauguratetherevolution.com/workshops.

Events will last between one and two hours, though some may be extended.

Organizations present at the event include the IU Black Student Union, National Lawyers Guild, College Democrats at IU, Prism Youth Community, Bloomington Food Policy Council and the Bloomington Green Party.

Bloomington Solidarity Network, a volunteer network to support tenants and employees, has planned to lead a march at 12 p.m. from the Monroe County Public Library to the office of an unnamed landlord to demand compensation.

Businesses involved include Boxcar Books and the Back Door.

The event will wrap up with a march at 5:15 p.m. through downtown Bloomington and a rally with performances and speeches from 6 to 8 p.m. at the Buskirk-Chumley Theater. Both are free and open to the public.

Stanley Njuguna, sophomore and event organizer, said he came up with the idea after the election and sought to be different from other local protests.

“It was initiated by the idea that I had to do something on Inauguration Day beyond the typical protests I kept seeing in Bloomington,” he said.

Though Trump is not explicitly named in any of the event’s promotion, the event’s website states it declines to inaugurate a new president. Avoiding his name is deliberate, Njuguna said.

“One of the core goals of Inaugurate the Revolution is to refocus the power to the community,” Njuguna said. “He’s going to be all over the media, all over the press, and he feeds off that.”

Njuguna said he was lucky to have worked with people who could assist in quickly organizing this event after the election. He has been managing student involvement for the event and said he encourages any student who has any degree of rejection of Trump to 
participate.

“We don’t want this just to be an opposition or anti-Trump event but a show a strength of unity and affirmation of our principles,” he said.

Columbus North High School band to join inauguration parade

One day remains before Columbus North High School’s marching band makes its way down Pennsylvania Avenue as part of the inauguration parade for President-elect Donald Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence.

The high school, Pence’s alma mater, was asked to march in the Jan. 20 inauguration parade in late December, so the band members have had a limited time to practice their songs and marching to perfection.

Director of bands William Stultz and State Rep. Milo Smith, R-Columbus, were two key players in getting the band to the parade.

Smith said he and Stultz were acquainted through who they knew at a local church. Stultz asked Smith, who knows Pence, if he would consider asking the vice president-elect if the band could join the inauguration parade. Smith said he agreed and used an opportunity at Camp Atterbury, Indiana, to speak with Pence about the band.

“Mike just lit up from ear to ear,” Smith said. “He said, ‘That would be great. Make it happen.’”

Smith said he then realized significant fundraising would be necessary to get the band to the capital because the trip costs $625 per student and per chaperone.

“I hate raising money,” Smith said. “I just don’t like doing that at all.”

But when he knew he would need to cover $125,000 to pay for about 200 band members and staff, he went to work. Two weeks after he began fundraising in December, Smith said he had $110,000 pledged from donors.

The band also had to work quickly. It had less than a month to prepare for the march. Stultz, who has been a band director with the school for 26 years, said the lack of time wasn’t a worry for the band members.

“We have an awesome band program,” Stultz said.

The band’s reputation for excellence has resulted in invitations to march at prestigious events such as the Rose Bowl parades in the past, Stultz said, so most students were already prepared to be in the spotlight.

The invitation to the inauguration was the most prestigious invitation the program has ever received and the decision to join the parade was apolitical, he said.

“We’re not looking at it as supporting any candidate,” Stultz said. “We’re looking at it as a historical chance.”

Smith said the band has since been invited by an inauguration committee to play in front of it on Jan. 18 and CNN and Fox News will be recording footage.

“Now I have to go raise an additional $17,000 dollars today,” Smith said.

The band left Jan. 18 and will return on Jan. 22. Songs the band will play as it marches in the parade include “America the Beautiful,” “Battle Hymn of the Republic” and a drumline cadence.

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Bloomington responds to Obama and Trump speeches

In eight days the presidency will pass from the hands of President Barack Obama to President-elect Donald Trump, both of whom have spoken to the country at large this week.

Each speech incited reactions from locals who either applauded Obama for his comments on solidarity or criticized Trump for overreacting to the “golden showers” accusations.

In his farewell address Tuesday night, Obama emphasized unity and political cooperation.

“Democracy does not require uniformity, but democracy does require a basic sense of solidarity,” Obama said. “The idea that for all our outward differences, we’re all in this together, that we rise and fall as one.”

IU senior A’Niyah Birdsong said she has watched every speech delivered by Obama and thought it was sad to think he wouldn’t address the nation as a whole again.

“Seeing our first black president in office for eight years changed a lot about what it means to me to be an African American,” Birdsong said. “Watching that last speech made me recall just how well-spoken of a president we’ve had, too.”

Less than 24 hours later, in his first press conference since the election, President-elect Donald Trump addressed the alleged golden showers incident published by Buzzfeed on Jan. 10 from Trump Tower in New York City.

In the golden showers incident, Trump alledgedly paid to watch prostitutes urinate in a bed the Obamas had slept in during their official trips to Russia.

“I feel like people really responded to Obama’s speech in a positive way and the opposite for Donald Trump’s,” IU junior Cera Cissna said. “That’s been the whole theme of this election year, I think.”

The Buzzfeed article details a 32-page dossier, which claims the Russian
government has been “cultivating, supporting and assisting” Trump for years.

The dossier is a collection of memos written through a period of a few months and includes unverified allegations of contact between Trump aides and the Russian government.

The dossier also includes the golden showers incident.

Incoming press secretary Sean Spicer said the report is outrageous and highly irresponsible and dismissed it as a “sad and pathetic way to get clicks.”

In light of his upcoming inauguration Jan. 20, Trump tweeted the report is fake news and part of a “political witch hunt.”

This report is the kind of thing that would come out of Nazi Germany, Trump said.

“I think it’s a disgrace that information that was false and fake and never happened got released to the public,” Trump said.

The allegations in the Buzzfeed article were unconfirmed and prompted many to doubt their veracity and whether the issue should have been addressed.

“If that’s been trawling around for months, only Buzzfeed has been reporting it, and it’s completely unsubstantiated, that really doesn’t look good for Buzzfeed,” said Brian Gamache, state chair of the Indiana Federation of College Republicans. “If it isn’t true, then Buzzfeed just shot American journalism in the foot.”

Trump also briefly touched on the subjects of American jobs in car manufacturing, decreasing the price of the new Boeing Air Force One, and recent staff appointments.

“I think there was a stark difference between the demeanors of the president and president-elect in the last two days,” IU College Democrats President Terry Tossman said. “President Obama had a clear, positive message, while Trump seemed all over the place.”

However, for some, news about the president-elect does not have much weight because tweets in the same tone as his recent press conference are being released regularly.

Many students said they did not feel the need to watch the press conference.

“Trump seems to need to respond to every allegation against him,” IU sophomore Pealer Bryniarski said. “It’s a lot of quantity and not enough quality.”

Trump’s inauguration is Jan. 20. In his address Tuesday night, Obama referred to his passing of the torch as a “peaceful transfer of power” and reaffirmed his assistance in Trump’s transition to the White House.

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Filling up the cabinet

President-Elect Trump is starting to announce his cabinet.

Since Nov. 9, President-elect Donald Trump has started to announce the various people who will take positions in his Cabinet. The Cabinet’s role is to advise the president on any subject he or she may find necessary relating to the duties of each member’s respective office.

The Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of 15 executive departments — the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, Veterans Affairs and the Attorney General.

Some positions, such as White House chief of staff and the ambassador to the United Nations, also have a cabinet seat. So far, 17 of these positions have been announced by the Trump campaign.

Reince Priebus- White House chief of staff

Priebus is the current chairman of the Republican National Committee. Through his position as an insider in Washington politics, Priebus is geared to help Trump understand the inner workings and personnel of the West Wing.

Stephen K. Bannon- chief strategist

Bannon is a media executive of Breitbart News. This pick was controversial due to his history of anti-semitic comments through his publication and in relation to the divorce of his former wife, Mary Louise Piccard, a former investment banker.

Michael T. Flynn- national security adviser

Flynn is a retired Army lieutenant general and former director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. He has been a huge supporter of Trump throughout his campaign. His position will entail being the liaison between the Department of State, the Pentagon and other agencies.

Steven Mnuchin- Treasury secretary

Mnuchin is a former Goldman Sachs executive who has no former government experience. He will be in charge of the government’s involvement in financial markets, assistance in tax-code writing and the overseeing of the Internal Revenue Service.

James N. Mattis- Defense secretary

Mattis is a retired Marine who served in Iraq in 2003. He is still awaiting Senate confirmation for his position and will need a waiver from Congress to serve in the position because he has not been out of the military for more than seven years. Mattis is known to be a staunch opponent of the Obama administration.

Wilbur Ross- Commerce secretary

Ross is an investor and former banker. He previously served under President Bill Clinton on the board of the U.S.-Russia Investment Fund. Through his position, he will be in charge of multiple departments, including the U.S. Census Bureau.

Andrew Puzder- Labor secretary

Puzder is the chief executive of CKE Restaurants and was a donor during the Trump campaign. Puzder has been an opponent of Obama’s labor policies. He will be in charge of unemployment distribution and dismantling of the past administration’s labor policies if wanted.

Tom Price- Health and Human services secretary

Price is a former congressman from Georgia and orthopedic surgeon. Price has verbally voiced his opposition of the President Obama’s health care law. He will be in charge of Medicaid and Medicare in addition to the approval of new drugs and regulation of the country’s food supply.

Ben Carson- secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Carson is a former neurosurgeon and presidential nominee. He has no government experience. This position focuses on affordable housing options for citizens. Carson has no former experience in the housing market whatsoever.

Elaine L. Chao- Transportation secretary

Chao was the labor secretary in the George W. Bush administration. This position is in charge of infrastructure within the country. Chao is also married to current Senate majority leader, Sen. Mitch McConnell, R-Kentucky.

Betsy DeVos- Education secretary

DeVos is the former chairperson for the Michigan Republican Party. DeVos grew up going to private school and has ties to the Reform Christian community. The Trump administration has said it wants to stray away from the department and focus on curriculum-based research.

John F. Kelly- Homeland Security secretary

Kelly is a retired Marine general known for his efforts in American military operations in Central America, South America and the Caribbean. He will be in charge of the proposed wall to be built on the southern boarder of the country.

Scott Pruitt- EPA administrator

Pruitt is the Oklahoma attorney general. He is known to be a supporter of fossil fuels. Trump has said in the past he hopes to dismantle the entire agency as a whole.

Nikki R. Haley- United States Mission to the United Nations

Haley is the governor of South Carolina. She, particularly as the daughter of two Indian immigrants, was a high-profile opponent of the Trump campaign early on in the election. She will be the face of the United States at the United Nations and represent the country in all councils within the organization.

Linda McMahon- small business administration

McMahon is the former chief executive of World Wrestling Entertainment. She previously ran for the Senate in Connecticut and lost. She will be in charge of giving loans out to small businesses.

Mike Pompeo- CIA director

Pompeo is a representative of Kansas and a former military officer. He currently serves on the House Intelligence Committee and was verbally against former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton during the internal investigation of the 2012 Benghazi attack.

Jeff Sessions- attorney general

Sessions is a senator from Alabama and is known for his strict immigration policies. His position controls the law and order of the country. All civil rights cases can now be tried differently.

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Planned Parenthood moves forward in Trump's administration

Betty Cockrum has added a pep talk to her morning routine. It’s simple, it’s short, it’s five words: “Get out of bed, Betty.”

Cockrum, leader of Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky, has seen her fair share of political upsets. However, when it comes to the results of the 2016 election, she said she’s never been so wrong.

The agenda and mood of Planned Parenthood’s post-election national meeting changed dramatically after Trump’s election, 
Cockrum said.

“When your fellow CEOs say, ‘It’s just no fun anymore. It just gets harder by the day,’ that’s tough,” Cockrum said. “You just got to goshoulder to shoulder and keep each other going.”

President-elect Donald Trump has flip-flopped on abortion rights through the years. Most recently, he told CBS’s Lesley Stahl he wants state government to mandate abortion access. When asked what would happen if women need an abortion in a state that bans it, Trump suggested women cross state lines to seek services.

Rep. Curt Nisly, R-Goshen, has already proposed an abortion ban to be voted on in 2017.

In Indiana, 9,430 women obtained abortions in 2011, according to the Guttmacher Institute, a sexual and reproductive health advocacy group. If Nisly’s bill passes, the thousands of abortions that happen every year would be criminally investigated on charges as serious as manslaughter or murder, Nisly said.

The bill, Protection at Conception, would be considered unconstitutional as a direct violation of the Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade, which legalized abortion in 1973.

Overturning this Supreme Court decision has long been a top priority for former Indiana governor and vice president-elect Mike Pence. While in Congress, Pence was the first to sponsor a bill to defund Planned Parenthood in 2007, and after three attempts it was eventually passed by the House of Representatives in 2011.

During his term as governor he signed eight anti-abortion bills, including HEA 1337which gained national attention because of its additional ban on abortions on the basis of race, gender or genetic anomalies such as Down 
syndrome.

Making it one of the most restrictive abortion bill in American history.

While campaigning in Grand Rapids, Michigan, Pence told the crowd the new administration plans to appoint a conservative Supreme Court and send the Roe v. Wade decision to the “ash heap of history where it belongs.”

Now that Pence’s platform has reached the White House, he may finally get what he wants.

With its organization in the crosshairs of one of the most hotly contested social issues, Planned Parenthood officials are down 
but not out.

“You got to talk to yourself to even get out of bed right now, and we do,” Cockrum said. “We have to get up, and we have to put one foot in front of the other, and we have to motivate each other, and we have to push one another.”

The week after the election, Planned Parenthood reported a 1,700-percent increase in online donations, totaling $25,000 in the first seven days.

On Giving Tuesday, the organization delivered 4,700 thank-you letters to Pence’s Indiana office for the donations made on his behalf.

The night before the delivery, Deborah Meader, Bloomington’s Planned Parenthood volunteer coordinator, organized a thank-you night for Planned Parenthood and All-Options Pregnancy Center volunteers and supporters.

“This is because we have a reality TV star as our president, and I’m really stressed about it,” 
Meader said.

All-Options is part of the national pregnancy and parenting nonprofit Backline. The Bloomington location is the only brick-and-mortar full-spectrum pregnancy center in the country.

It offers peer counseling, diaper assistance, abortion funding and referral services.

Volunteers, counselors and local politicians alike shared one declarative statement as a response to the threat to Roe v. Wade.

“We will not go back,” Meader said. “I refuse.”

A Trump-Pence administration is one more battle in the war for reproductive rights activists. Activists have repeatedly described the election as a wake-up call, not a turning point.

The biggest challenge reproduction rights activists face is the generational gap, said Patti Stauffer, vice president of policy, strategy and compliance at Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky.

“Those before Roe understand what it looks like and are very, very terrified that there is a path to that again,” Stauffer said.

The current generation of activists and feminists have no point of reference of what access was like before Roe v. Wade and therefore never thought their right to an abortion would be threatened, Stauffer said.

“We’re trying to encourage and motivate those who haven’t known the difficult environment, but I think now, certainly with the election of Trump, people understand that stuff can happen when you’re not paying attention,” 
she said.

Stauffer, who was the president and CEO of Planned Parenthood Kentucky before the organization’s 2013 merge with Indiana, works not only to educate and mobilize coalitions but also to play defense against state legislators who propose restrictive bills before they make it to the Statehouse.

Nisly is not alone in his pro-life agenda. The Indiana Right to Life PAC endorsed Senator-elect Todd Young, R-Indiana, and seven candidates, including Representative-elect Trey Hollingsworth, R-District 9, for the House of Representatives.

Indiana bills continue to set the stage for other conservative legislation and raise concerns that the political landscape Pence created in Indiana may be spread across the nation through Trump’s administration.

New Jersey Republicans said Trump’s pro-life stance encouraged them to move forward on the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, a bill banning abortions after 20 weeks and claiming fetuses can feel pain at that point. New Jersey would become the 15th state to pass the bill.

On Tuesday, Ohio’s Republican-controlled Senate voted to pass the Heartbeat Bill, which would ban abortions after a fetal heartbeat was detected, which generally happens six weeks into 
a pregnancy.

Indiana’s Heartbeat Act was proposed in both the House and Senate but never passed last year.

This week Texas lawmakers approved new rules requiring abortion providers to bury fetal remains. The rules will go into effect Dec. 19. This bill mirrors the restrictions of Indiana’s HEA 1337, which was considered to likely be unconstitutional by Judge Tanya Walton Pratt who issued an injunction this summer.

In the 43 years since Roe v. Wade, 1,074 state-enacted abortion restrictions have passed, according to the Guttmacher Institute as of 2015. 

Of the total restrictions, 30 percent have been enacted in recent years from 2011 to July 2016. In 2016 alone, 46 laws have been adopted from the beginning of the legislative session in January to June, according to the Guttmacher Institute.

The loyalty these conservative politicians feel to their constituency, their party and the ultra-conservative movement is a tough barrier to break through, 
Stauffer said.

The “alt-right” movement, which has gained national attention after the appointment of Steve Bannon as chief strategist and senior counselor in the White House, didn’t form in a day or even a decade, Stauffer said.

Organizations such as Planned Parenthood considered how this political phenomenon would fuel pro-life groups, Stauffer said. However, Planned Parenthood let the ‘alt-right’ take control of the conversation for too long.

As a result, Stauffer said, the strategy has changed. Instead of frontal attacks, PPINK will continue to try to block bills and build a coalition.

With what Stauffer calls a mindful shift in strategy organizations such as Planned Parenthood can prepare for what feels like the inevitable — a challenge to 
Roe v. Wade.

“Some state is going to have to move a bill that will ultimately be the test case to Roe v. Wade, I think that Indiana would love to be that state,” Stauffer said. “Certainly Pence would have loved for us to be that state.”

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BFC hints at possible resolution to make IU sanctuary campus

The Bloomington Faculty Council delayed a decision to update its diversity policy and potentially make IU a sanctuary campus Tuesday afternoon.

These efforts will be revisited in January.

“We were hoping if the diversity statement passed we could amend that to protect students that are under attack,” said Maisha Wester, associate professor in the Department of American Studies and African American and Diaspora Studies.

After Donald Trump’s election to the presidency, undocumented students and those registered under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals policy, which provides temporary legal status to previously undocumented people, have become concerned about deportation.

Some people have rallied for IU to become a sanctuary campus, which means the University would pledge to protect students from deportation while on campus.

Members and supporters of the UndocuHoosier Alliance, which advocates for undocumented students on campus, have rallied multiple times.

Last week they conducted a silent demonstration at the Board of Trustees’ meeting to make IU a sanctuary campus.

At the end of discussion of the diversity statement, Wester mentioned a possible amendment to the diversity policy that would pledge IU’s commitment not to assist law enforcement with deportation 
efforts.

A more in-depth resolution on the issue might be presented in the future, Wester said.

Wester said she mostly wants to get some sort of commitment from the University on the record about supporting undocumented students before Trump assumes the presidency in January.

She said she worried the council may deliberate on the issue beyond Jan. 20, when Trump will be sworn in.

“Come inauguration, it’s about to get real,” 
Wester said.

Students attended the meeting with hopes of speaking to the council about making IU a sanctuary campus, but they were not allowed to speak during the meeting due to the council’s bylaws.

[SASV makes demands to Trustees | IDS]

Provost Lauren Robel mentioned the agenda Tuesday afternoon was too full to include more topics but offered to speak with leaders of the students about how to get onto the agenda for the next BFC meeting.

Earlier in the meeting, the council had discussed an update to the University’s diversity policy that mandated the community welcome all types of people.

This nondiscrimination policy extends to everyone, regardless of factors such as citizenship, ethnicity, religion, national origin or 
ancestry.

The policy also states one of IU’s goals as an institution is to teach students how to include who experience discrimination and underrepresentation and to learn how to respect one another’s differences.

Mathematics professor Elizabeth Housworth proposed making more amendments to the diversity policy during the meeting to ban discrimination against people based on their criminal record, family responsibilities or points of view.

Micol Seigel, associate professor of American studies, said during the meeting she researches the criminal justice system, and she urged councilors to reconsider their biases toward convicted criminals, especially because research she presented at the meeting points to bias in the system against racial minorities.

“Our current criminal justice system is grossly unjust,” Seigel said. “Our current incarceration is not about crime. It’s about 
politics.”

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Muslims fear greater harassment after election

Middle Eastern Studies professor Nazif Shahrani came to the United States from Afghanistan for college about 50 years ago, but when he was finished, he could not return home due to the conflict that would inundate the region for years.

He decided to become a naturalized U.S. citizen, but he worried about his family’s safety in Afghanistan. They never expressed concern for his safety living in the U.S. until the election of Donald Trump.

“There is a lot of hysteria that Donald Trump’s campaign and election have created, but we should remember this is a country that prides itself on rule of law and our constitution,” Shahrani said. “Our laws are to protect the rights of all American citizens at all times.”

In his years living in the U.S., he has become accustomed to the harassment Muslims often get due to stereotypes from events, like the war, that are occurring in the Middle East. However, he has recently seen a higher degree of negative actions toward the group. These actions can often leave Muslims in fear of what may come next.

Muslim women are some of the most targeted, Shahrani said. Due to the head scarves they often wear, they stand out as Muslims while Muslim men dressed in typical American clothes may not be so easily recognized. Freshman Hanan Mohamed, a practicing Muslim who wears a head scarf, said she has heard of a few incidents of harassment of Muslim people around Bloomington. This sometimes leaves her on edge.

“Especially after the time change and it being darker so much earlier, it’s a lot more worrisome to be walking around alone at night,” Mohamed said. “There have been stories of people who try and pull your head scarf off or different types of harassment.”

Mohamed’s youth group leader and her family were also called terrorists by a car driving past them.

Mosques have also been subject to hateful messages, Shahrani said. He said a hateful letter was recently sent to all Southern California mosques, which was not common before.

Shahrani said he believes the recent presidential election played a role in the rise of poor treatment of Muslims. While these issues existed long before Trump ran for office, Trump’s actions have allowed for more acceptance of hateful behavior. This has left many Muslims in fear of what will happen within the government.

The Islamic Center of Bloomington’s executive board has a good relationship with the Federal Bureau of Investigations, Shahrani said. The FBI often reaches out to Muslim communities with concern for their safety. Shahrani said the Muslim community can help the FBI feel at ease about Muslims in the process as well.

“We are in touch,” Shahrani said. “We have nothing to hide. They periodically contact the board. If we have concerns we also contact them.”

While some Muslim communities have open communication with the FBI, many still fear they are being closely watched and are uneasy about the possibility of a Muslim registry in the future, Shahrani said.

“It is very likely that our mail is intervened, especially electronic mail and telephone,” Shahrani said. “I certainly feel like my phone is listened to.”

While some of Shahrani’s colleagues would rather be jailed than be subject to these kinds of restrictions, he said he does not get discouraged by the possibility of someone keeping an eye on him. He has nothing to hide, he said.

Shahrani said while the harassment of Muslims in the U.S. may be rising, there are still many people willing to help and show sympathy.

The Bloomington mosque recently received a letter from a man identifying himself as a white atheist. The man said if Trump’s government creates a registry of Muslims, he would proudly register himself as a Muslim in support of the community.

Shahrani has also seen sympathy from his neighbors. One day he heard a knock on the door, and it was his neighbor with a plate of cookies in hand. She was concerned about how his family was feeling after the election.

Other women at a post-election meeting in City Hall stood up and said they would wear head scarves in sympathy if Muslim women continue to face harassment.

“It’s really nice to know there’s that sort of support group,” Mohamed said.

Mohamed said she believes the issues Muslims are facing could be solved if people take more time to understand Islam instead of stereotyping it based on groups like the Islamic State group. Islam is a religion of peace, she said.

A change must be made in the way Americans view today’s problems and foreign countries’ actions, Shahrani said. Then the problems Muslims face may be solved.

“The root of much of this problem that we have with the region is not religious — it is fundamentally political,” Shahrani said. “Unfortunately the media as well as the politicians try to make them religious problems, and that sort of gives them liberty not to talk about the political nature of these problems.”

Since he has been in the U.S., Shahrani said he strives to be a patriot, not a nationalist. He said being a patriot is standing with one’s country when its policies are morally right but also criticizing one’s country when its policies are morally wrong. This stance allowed him not to have to choose sides in the U.S. war in his country of birth, Afghanistan, he said.

“This is where we are not honest with ourselves as a country,” Shahrani said. “We need to care about the appropriateness of our foreign policy in it’s being in accordance with our fundamental values.”

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Trump speaks at Carrier plant, denies press access

Companies are not going to leave the United States anymore without consequences, President-elect Donald Trump said to workers at the Carrier plant in Indianapolis on Thursday.

Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence toured the air conditioning plant earlier Thursday and congratulated the company for agreeing to leave 1,000 jobs within Indianapolis instead of outsourcing them to Mexico.

“They aren’t going to be taking people’s hearts out,” Trump said about American companies keeping jobs in the country.

On Tuesday, Carrier tweeted it would continue to produce gas furnaces at the Indianapolis location.

Following the speech, both the Indiana Democratic Party and Republican Party chairmen released statements in response to the event.

“Today, President-elect Donald Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence have given the American people just a small example of their exemplary leadership,” Indiana Republican Party Chairman Jeff Cardwell said in his statement. “This is good news for not only our state, but for our country. The Trump Administration is dedicated to protecting and fighting for American workers, and this announcement to keep over 1,000 jobs in Indiana is just the beginning of making America prosperous and great again.”

Indiana Democratic Party Chairman John Zody echoed Cardwell’s comments about the success of Hoosier workers, yet feared the accountability of the agreement.

“Today’s announcement is great news for the Hoosier families and workers who will get to keep their jobs — though we are disappointed the company will still ship a good portion of jobs abroad,” Zody said his statement. “We hope that moving forward, all workers will have a seat at the table and that a Trump-Pence Administration will follow the lead of common–sense Hoosiers like Joe Donnelly and Andre Carson, who have been working to hold Carrier accountable since the moment their announcement was made to ship jobs 
to Mexico.”

The event Thursday was not open to the public. Several media outlets applied for press credentials for the event, many of which were denied, including the Indiana Daily Student. Publications such as the Ball State Daily, the student publication at Ball State University; News Link Indiana; and Rafael Sanchez, a reporter for RTV6 — central Indiana’s ABC affiliate — among others, were denied access.

Sanchez initially covered Carrier in February when the company decided to transfer the jobs abroad. When questioning why he was denied press credentials, Sanchez was referred away from the campaign and to the Carrier company directly.

“This event today happened,” Sanchez said in a video on his personal Twitter account. “I am not angry. I am not bothered. But I am committed today and every day to do my job. And if they don’t let me inside, that’s OK. I will still do 
my job.”

Casey Smith, news editor at Ball State Daily, said her first reaction to the denial of press access was 
pure shock.

Ball State Daily and News Link Indiana, along with the IDS, were told they did not receive access due to lack of space and security reasons.

“Though we might not be professional, we are an Indiana news publication,” Smith said. “You would think the Trump-Pence campaign would want the younger generation represented in a positive event like this.”

The Trump campaign has received national criticism for its treatment of journalists during and after the election, most recently denying reporters access to events they had precedent to cover from previous president-elects.

Smith addressed the concern she had of what this event means for the future of covering the president-elect, throughout the transition process and once he enters office.

“The unknown is what scares us as the media the most,” Smith said. “We are there to report and get 
the facts.”

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Indiana residents weigh in on Steve Bannon

Rabbi Sue Silberberg watched a video of Richard B. Spencer, president of the alternative-right National Policy Institute, salute more than 200 attendees at the organization’s annual conference with a simple message.

“Hail Trump, hail our victory, hail our people!” Spencer said.

Silberberg, the IU Hillel executive director, said her reaction to the chant was terror.

Silberberg, along with other activist and minority groups, has been unsettled by the rise of alt-right groups such as the NPI and president-elect Donald Trump’s nomination of Steve Bannon as White House chief strategy officer and senior counselor.

Bannon served as CEO of the Trump campaign starting in August 2016. He also co-founded Breitbart News, the parent company of the alternative-right wing news site, with Andrew Breitbart.

The alt-right movement is generally associated with efforts to preserve white identity and oppose multiculturalism. Some Breitbart News headlines have read “Birth control makes women unattractive and crazy,” “How to talk about global warming with our crazy ISIS relative at Thanksgiving dinner” and “Read the scary descriptions of refugees by Idaho refugee agency.”

Bannon became chief executive of Breitbart News after Breitbart’s death in 2012. Under Bannon, Breitbart News had 19.2 million visitors in October — the website’s highest traffic since its founding in 2007.

Many activist and minority groups are concerned about the role Bannon will play in the Trump administration.

IU junior Margaret Hoffman, director of social affairs for the IU Feminist Student Association, said she thinks Bannon’s chief strategy officer appointment is offensive and ridiculous.

Hoffman said the FSA executive board shares Breitbart News headlines in its GroupMe. She said they were blown away by the sexist nature of many of the headlines. Alt-right groups have been emboldened by Trump’s victory, she said.

“People now think homophobic, sexist and xenophobic views can exist out in the open,” Hoffman said. “There’s no punishment. It’s 
legitimized.”

Bannon has also been accused of white nationalism.

Asshar Madni, the vice president of the board of trustees for the Al-Salam Foundation, an Islamic nonprofit organization founded in 2012, in Indianapolis, said he watched one of Trump’s recent speeches and was encouraged by Trump’s message of working for all Americans. However, Bannon’s appointment directly undermines Trump’s objectives, Madni said.

“We are seeing contradictory messages,” Madni said. “Mr. Bannon’s appointment sends the wrong message to the people.”

Bannon has also been accused of anti-Semitism.

In 2007, Bannon’s ex-wife Mary Louise Piccard said in a court declaration during their child custody battle that Bannon didn’t want his two daughters to attend the Archer School for Girls in Los Angeles because of the number of Jewish students at the school.

“The biggest problem he had with Archer is the number of Jews that attend,” Piccard said in her statement signed on June 27, 2007. “He said that he doesn’t like the way they raise their kids to be ‘whiny brats’ and that he didn’t want the girls going to school with Jews.”

Newt Gingrich said in an interview on “Face the Nation” that Bannon could not be anti-Semitic because he has served in the Navy and worked at Goldman Sachs and in Hollywood.

Silberberg said she does not believe Trump is ideological, but he’s surrounding himself with incredibly conservative and alt-right people.

“Whether he believes these things or not, he’s surrounding himself by people who aren’t moderate,” 
Silberberg said.

Piccard also accused Bannon of choking her and grabbing her arm in 1996.

Police responded to the altercation and found red marks on Piccard’s left wrist and on the right side of her neck, according to a police report released by Santa Monica, California, officials. The fact that he has been accused of domestic violence in the past and that he will now serve as a key advisor to Trump is the problem, Hoffman said.

“I just hope people keep their eyes and ears open and continue to read the news,” Hoffman said. “Don’t let people like Steve Bannon become normalized because he’s not normal.”

Madni said right now it is too early to say what influence Bannon will have on policy, but the Al-Salam Foundation encourages civic engagement, so they will be watching the news closely.

Eyas Raddad, president of the Board of Trustees of the Indianapolis Muslim Community Association, said he thinks Bannon will be busy working on economic policy, so he will have little influence on social issues. He said he does not believe Trump or Bannon are extreme in 
their views.

“I feel they are rational and pragmatic people,” Raddad said about Trump and Bannon. “However, they have abused the underlying current of racism and hate and Islamophobia to help them win the election.”

Raddad said he believes Trump and Bannon will continue to engage with the white, working-class demographic that propelled Trump to victory this year in order to win the next election.

The Trump campaign has implicitly and explicitly contributed to Islamophobia, he said. He said Breitbart News has become a platform for Islamophobes to further hostility, uncertainty and negativity toward Muslims.

Between Nov. 9 and Nov. 15, 701 incidents of hateful harassment occurred, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. About 25 percent of these incidents occurred Nov. 9, the day after the election. The majority of the acts were anti-immigrant, anti-black or anti-LGBT — about 30, 21 and 11 percent, respectively ­— and most occurred at K-12 schools, businesses and 
universities.

The FBI recorded 5,818 total hate crime incidents in 2015, which averages to 111 incidents per week. This year there has been a 532-percent increase in weekly hate crimes due to the 701 incidents following the election.

In an interview on “60 Minutes,” Trump said to his supporters committing hate crimes, “If it helps, I will say this — stop it.”

Raddad said what is most troubling for him is the lack of strong or direct repudiation of the hate crimes on 
Trump’s part.

“There were some statements, but nothing like what you would expect from a president who values all Americans equally,” Raddad said.

Silberberg said she has been disturbed by how Trump’s win has emboldened alt-right groups, including neo-Nazis and the NPI.

“They feel like they have an equal voice now,” 
Silberberg said.

Silberberg said she sees many similarities between the Trump campaign and Hitler’s rise to power in the 20th century. Both leaders laid out their plans publicly, but people did not take Hitler seriously, and the Holocaust happened, she said.

“People don’t believe what he says, but it’s scary to not believe what somebody says.” Silberberg said on Trump. “In my experience, people don’t tend to say things they don’t mean.”

Silberberg said she and many others feel powerless because they see things happening around them, like hate crimes and speeches like Spencer’s, and they don’t know how to stop it.

“It’s OK to feel powerless,” she said. “But at some stage very soon, we have to take the next step and do something about it.”

Silberberg said the final voting data is reassuring because Hillary Clinton won the popular vote, which means more than half of the country does not support hate.

Clinton has surpassed two million votes more than Trump in the popular vote, according to the U.S. Election Atlas. Clinton obtained 64.4 million votes, and Trump obtained 62.3 million votes, as of Nov. 23.

No matter if Spencer continues to “hail Trump,” or hate crimes continue to occur, Silberberg said the people should know they are the ones with the power.

“We just need to remember each one of us has a responsibility to stand up and take the next step,” 
Silberberg said.

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Trump supporters look forward to new America

As students across campus wrap up a week of demonstrations protesting the election of president-elect Donald Trump, a quieter group of Hoosiers are celebrating the selection of the country’s rising leader.

“I don’t want to go around boasting like my team just won the national championship because personally I think America won. I don’t think I won,” Junior Sam O’Dell said.

O’Dell said he knows students have the right to free expression, but he doesn’t understand IU’s acceptance of protests.

“They think you’re a villain,” O’Dell said.

He said he hoped to go to a rally at Showalter Fountain but had to miss because of class. He wanted to attend the rally to gauge whether IU was merely supporting those who felt like they lost this election or if IU leadership felt the school had also lost.

He believes values at a diverse, liberal school like IU wouldn’t be able to line up with Trump’s stances, although he said he may never have confirmation of these assumptions.

O’Dell’s support for Trump goes back to the Indiana primary. He said he knew he did not want to vote for Hillary Clinton or Bernie Sanders and focused his energy on choosing between Trump and Ted Cruz.

“I just had to buy into one of the two,” O’Dell said.

In the end, he said he realized Trump, who funded his own campaign and made bold claims, deserved his vote.

“He wasn’t just talking,” O’Dell said. “You could tell he meant what he wanted to do.”

One policy O’Dell supports is Trump’s desire to build a wall between the border of the U.S. and Mexico. He said he thought at first it was a metaphor Trump was using to make a point, but now thinks an alliance with Mexico to pay for the wall is a real possibility.

O’Dell said as someone who comes from a conservative farm town east of Indianapolis, he is also looking forward to Trump’s tax cuts for the middle class.

“I see everyone I know working their butts off, and they have to pay extra taxes to support others,” O’Dell said.

O’Dell said his social values are more lenient, but he currently sees himself as more of a social conservative, especially on issues like abortion.

He said he classifies himself as pro-life and believes abortion is almost never OK, except maybe in cases of rape. Even then, which is a rare exception, the decision is still disheartening, he said.

“I know that baby was created for a bigger purpose that might not be able to be fulfilled now,” O’Dell said.

Junior Brian Federle said although Trump was not his first choice during primary season, Trump was the best option for the general election. He considers himself part of Trump’s silent majority base.

Federle identifies as a Libertarian, a status he said comes from his conservative fiscal beliefs and liberal-leaning stances on some social issues. In the end, he said his financial values won out and led him to vote for the president-elect.

“I was just a big fan of an outsider, a non-politician, getting a chance at the White House,” Federle said.

He said he could not vote for Clinton because he disagrees with the practices of the Clintons. The email and Benghazi scandals are two situations he said he felt could have been handled better by Hillary Clinton.

There are also some parts of Trump’s base who Federle said he disagrees with. This includes potential cabinet picks like known extremist John Bolton and endorsements of Trump made by the Ku Klux Klan, which Trump has disavowed.

While extremists on the far right have spouted hateful messages, Federle said Trump supporters have seen their share of threatening messages as well, even at IU, where a sidewalk message told students to “Kill Trump.”

Federle said he hopes Democrats and other people who disagree with Trump can listen to Clinton and President Barack Obama, who have both urged the country to come together and accept the results.

“I think they put out the correct message that the people need to follow,” Federle said.

Freshman Neel Sathi said he never voted for Trump, but he still considers himself a supporter. The decision comes from an understanding of the importance of party ties.

The New Jersey native voted for Sanders during the primary but said he decided to become a Republican after doing more research and realizing he aligned more with the conservatives economically.

Sathi said he cast a vote in the general election for Evan McMullin, a popular third party candidate in Utah. Unfortunately, there was an issue with the absentee process and his ballot was returned to his parents, uncounted. His choice not to vote for Trump came from some disagreements he had with the campaign, but he still wanted to remain conservative.

“It wasn’t necessarily a vote against Trump, but it was a vote against Hillary,” Sathi said.

Sathi’s parents are both legal immigrants from India, and their long path to come to the United States also plays a part in his beliefs. He said people like his parents, who chose to go through the process legally, are often smarter than those who come across U.S. borders without documentation.

“Illegal immigration is almost an insult to those who immigrated legally and waited the time,” Sathi said. “Trump’s not wrong when he he says people aren’t sending their best to the states.”

Sathi said although the economy relies in part on low-wage immigrant workers, the country needs to draw the line somewhere.

Sathi knows his views don’t align with every IU student’s views, but he disagrees with the student body’s general response to response to Trump supporters, he said. He believes current rhetoric is in not allowing the school to move forward.

“What shocks me is these types of messages and these sort of threats are being propagated by a movement who tries to claim, ‘Love Trumps Hate,’” Sathi said. “It seems hypocritical.”

Because of this, Sathi has tried to kept relatively quiet about his vote. He said he has shared his beliefs with his friends, but not many beyond his immediate group know because of the reactions it might cause in Clinton supporters.

“I’ve seen so many friendships collapse in front of my eyes because of this election’s results,” Sathi said.

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Trump presidency a "gloomy forecast" for climate change, scientists warn

As the nation transitions into a new presidency, some scientists say Donald Trump’s proposed environmental policies could have immediate and destructive consequences.

Scientists at IU expressed their concerns for the president-elect’s actions and positions in handling environmental issues and their future effects on climate change for the safety of the entire planet.

Trump has already taken action to reverse efforts in fighting climate change. He chose climate change skeptic Myron Ebell to lead his Environmental Protection Agency transition team.

“As a scientist and environmental advocate, I’m deeply disturbed by the proposed appointment of Myron Ebell as lead of his EPA transition team,” professor of geophysics Michael Hamburger said.

Ebell is a partisan politician supported by coal industry financial interests and is out of touch with scientific consensus, Hamburger said.

The EPA is required under the Clean Air Act to regulate carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

However, in a government in which Republicans control the legislative and executive branches, Congress could likely amend the Clear Air Act to limit the EPA’s abilities, chemistry professor Philip 
Stevens said.

Hamburger said it’s no secret Trump opposes the EPA and its role in protecting the health of Americans.

“I think this appointment also makes it clear that the EPA under Trump would not be adding any new regulations to the industry under his watch,” Stevens said.

Despite these concerns, Stevens said it’s unlikely the EPA will quickly undo regulations put into place by President Obama.

“Rewriting the rules would take time, and the new rules would also be subject to litigation from environmental groups,” Stevens said. “However, they could stop enforcing and defending them.”

This might be the regulation of mercury and air toxic emissions from power plants or the new ozone health standard.

The Trump presidency might also stop enforcing the Clean Power Plan, one of the Obama administration’s EPA proposals in 2014 that limited carbon pollution from power plants, Stevens said.

Any reversal of or action against these policies would be detrimental to the atmosphere and human health, Stevens said.

Reducing carbon dioxide emissions has other benefits, Stevens said. Fossil fuel combustion releases harmful emissions that create photochemical smog and acid deposition.

Though Trump has made claims about international climate change agreements, it’s not clear how that rhetoric will translate into administrative action, 
Hamburger said.

Trump cannot cancel the Paris Agreement — an international effort signed in 2016 to reverse climate change effects and limit temperature increase — as he claimed he would, but he can withdraw from it, geography professor Scott Robeson said.

A diplomatic miracle, the Paris agreement brought together 193 countries to fight the most devastating effects of climate change, Hamburger said.

Disavowing the agreement could lead to a loss of trust in American leadership on energy and the environment, Hamburger said.

“That could have long-term impacts on climate, possibly for thousands of years, but it is also the case that other countries will continue to take the leadership role, and the U.S. could lag them substantially in tackling carbon reductions,” Robeson said.

Trump’s EPA could choose not to enforce the Paris Agreement’s regulations to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and influence other countries not to enforce regulations as well, Stevens said.

“As a result, it would be difficult, if not impossible, to limit the global temperature rise to less than 2 degrees Celsius, the limit necessary to reduce the most serious risks and impacts of climate change,” Stevens said.

By reducing carbon emission from a global perspective, the world can still fight climate change regardless of Trump’s decisions.

The U.S. government protection of the environment will most likely deteriorate during the next four years, Robeson said. Trump may attempt to roll back protections in the Endangered Species Act and the National Ambient Air Quality 
Standards.

“Despite the gloomy forecast, there are a few bright spots,” Robeson said. “Solar and wind energy keep getting cheaper and more competitive.”

Progressive states like California and New York may still pursue carbon emission reductions, 
Robeson said.

However, the Trump presidency’s potential effects on the global and U.S. environment could be devastating, Hamburger said.

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Thousands meet at Statehouse to protest election of Donald Trump

INDIANAPOLIS — A statue of George Washington overlooks the statehouse lawn. The words engraved below him are “First in War. First in Peace.”

On Saturday night, the scene unfolding below him was a combination of peace and war. Thousands stood together in the cold night air for a Trump 
Resistance Rally.

The rally was a response to the election of Donald Trump. More than just a response, the event was organized as a message to all political leaders that bigotry, oppression and hate would not be tolerated by Indiana, according to the event’s Facebook page.

Still, the rally was peppered with sporadic chants of “Not my president!” when the timing seemed right. The event’s speakers, standing on the steps of the statehouse, chose to invoke the president-elect frequently or, in some cases, not at all. One speaker used the platform to call everyone to action.

“People feel like we lost a battle, but this is the beginning of a war,” he said. “We are a community that is as tight as a fist. Hoosier fortitude will not tolerate hate in our state.”

At this, another chant came from the crowd: “No hate in our state! No hate in our state!”

Handmade signs were thrust into the air as people raised them in cadence. They read “Love trumps hate,” “Not my president” and “Human rights should be American rights,” among others. Some people waved American flags that had union stars and rainbow-colored bars.

“Voting is only a part of democracy,” the speaker said. “This, this is what democracy looks like.”

As another speaker stood up and began to speak about labor injustices, a horn honked loudly. A large, military-style vehicle with a Trump-Pence sign had pulled up to a red light at an intersection near the 
statehouse.

“Do not agitate,” someone yelled to the crowd, but some were already running to the intersection. Those that made it before the light turned grouped together and raised their signs at the vehicle and yelled until the light turned green and the vehicle drove away.

Katie Burris had followed the people running after the vehicle but remained on the statehouse lawn. She said her Islamic faith prompted her to attend the rally.

“I actually live in Bloomington, which has been pretty tolerant, but there has been an increase in acts of hate,” Burris said. “One of my friends there has stopped wearing her hijab.”

Burris said she plans to continue wearing hers.

“As Muslims, we felt it was important to come out to not only protest Islamophobia but the racism and other issues as well,” Burris said.

When it became apparent nothing more was going to happen on the street, Burris began walking back to the rally.

A Sikh family of four began to walk back to rally as well. One next to another, they had stood silently in a line as the scene on the street played out before them. Aneet Kuar spoke for her parents and brother.

“We’re not protesting,” Kuar said. “We’re not for Trump, obviously, but we came to hear what was being said. It’s been good so far.”

The Kuars weren’t the only family present.

Jayme Little and his husband Joel Wendland, listened to the rally’s speakers as their daughter, Harper, played in a stroller in front of them.

“Her,” Little said. “She’s the reason we’re here. We want to be sure that she grows up in a world that judges her by her character not her sex.”

Little said he believed it was more difficult to reinforce the values he and Wendland hope to instill in Harper when “half the country voted against them.”

“As a same-sex couple, it’s very scary,” Little said. “I feel like we’ve gone 
backwards.”

By this time, the rally was beginning to take a different turn. Speakers began to prepare people for the march.

Some chose to leave early and abandon their signs on the way.

Others immediately joined the march, waved their American, Mexican or Black Lives Matter flags and raised signs into the night sky.

Mark Smith stood back for a moment to talk to someone he knew. The sign he cradled in his arm called for the abolition of the electoral college. He said he didn’t think the electoral college did its job of making sure American voters were properly heard anymore and was the main reason Trump had been able to make it into office and had therefore resulted in the need for Saturday’s rally, but he said didn’t know if he’d ever see a different system made in his lifetime.

“Hope springs eternal,” Smith said.

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Thousands of protestors surround the State House to make their voices heard on the presidential victory of Donald Trump during the Trump Resistance Rally Saturday evening at the Indiana State House in Indianapolis.

Andrew Williams Buy Photos
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Thousands of protestors take to the streets of Indianapolis in a march against the presidential victory of Donald Trump during the Trump Resistance Rally Saturday evening at the Indiana State House in Indianapolis.

Andrew Williams Buy Photos
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Hillary Clinton delivers concession speech hours after Trump accepts the presidency

Hillary Clinton walked on to the stage at the New Yorker Hotel with a smile on her face, but her words had a different message.

“I’m sorry we didn’t win this election for the values we share and the vision we hold for this country,” Clinton said.

Clinton addressed staff members and supporters in her official concession speech this morning. Clinton spoke to Donald Trump in a private phone call early Wednesday morning but did not make an official concession speech until late Wednesday morning.

Trump won the presidency with 276 electoral votes, and Clinton obtained 228. However, with 98 percent of precincts reporting in, Clinton won the popular vote with about 59.4 million votes compared to Trump’s 59.2 million votes.

“However, Donald Trump is going to our president,” Clinton said. “We owe him an open mind and a chance to lead.”

The country is more divided than the people thought, Clinton said.

The country had made it “uniquely difficult for a woman to be elected to federal office,” Sen. Tim Kaine said in his introduction speech for Clinton’s concession.

Nevertheless, Clinton’s dreams of empowering women and children remain, he said.

The Clinton campaign planned to ring in election night Tuesday night at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center on the west side of Manhattan. The building, described by the New York Times as an “unglamorous glass fortress,” symbolized the glass ceiling Clinton would break if she were to be elected president.

But the glass ceiling remains intact. Donald Trump is now president-elect.

Nothing has made Clinton more proud than to be a champion for all women, she said. She told all little girls never to doubt their value, power and they deserve every chance in the world to achieve their dreams.

“Being your candidate has been one of the greatest honors of my life,” Clinton said.

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Trump wins the presidential election

Around 1:30 a.m., Donald Trump secured Pennsylvania’s 20 electoral votes, bringing his total to 264.

Trump was originally known as a businessman, reality TV star, author and public disbeliever in political correctness. However, when Trump formally announced his presidential candidacy June 16, 2015 from Trump Tower in New York City, he declared the campaign slogan to be “Make America Great Again.” Now he will have his chance to prove it.

Major platforms of the Trump campaign have included the fight against ISIS, ensuring a conservative Supreme Court, maintaining gun rights, boosting the economy through tax cuts and trade deals and stopping illegal immigration.

Under Trump’s Plan to Make America Safe and Respected Again, the country will grow the military and collaborate with Arab allies in the Middle East to fight against ISIS. The United States will defeat “the ideology of radical Islamic terrorism” just as the country won the Cold War, according to Trump’s website.

“We will completely rebuild our depleted military, and the countries that we protect, at a massive loss, will be asked to pay their fair share,” Trump said at the Republican National Convention.

Trump said at the first presidential debate that he was “very proud” to be endorsed by the National Rifle Association, and he will work to protect gun rights, including 
ending gun free zones at school and military bases.

Under Trump’s economic plan, the nation will create 25 million new jobs over the next 10 years. He also plans to reform policies with a pro-growth tax plan and an America First trade policy. Reducing illegal immigration will start on day one and set the country on the track to putting Americans first, according to Trump’s website.

“We will begin working on an impenetrable, physical, tall, powerful beautiful southern border wall,” Trump said during a speech on immigration in Arizona in August.

Mexico will pay for the wall, he said. This plan exists to “serve the best interests of America and its workers,” according to Trump’s website.

His running mate, Gov. Mike Pence, is the most conservative vice-presidential candidate in the last 40 years, according to a FiveThirtyEight rating of candidates’ ideologies. Pence said in July he was “absolutely” in sync with Trump’s Mexican wall proposal, and that Mexico was “absolutely” going to pay for it.

Pence and Trump are both strong supporters of the pro-life movement and have come out against Planned Parenthood.

“For me, faith informs my life,” Pence said in the vice presidential debate. “It all, for me, begins with cherishing the dignity, the worth, the value of every human life.”

In March, Trump said women who seek abortions should be subjected to “some sort of punishment.” However, he later recanted the statement, although he still remains pro-life.

Only time will tell what the next four years hold.

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Bloomington residents weigh in on election rigging allegations

At rallies and the final presidential debate, Donald Trump has claimed the election was never in his favor.

“Remember, we are competing in a rigged election,” Trump said at a Wisconsin rally Oct. 17.

However, Monroe County residents and politicians are calling the validity of these statements into 
question.

Tree Martin, the chief deputy of the Monroe County Clerks Office, said that she cannot speak for the United States; however, for Monroe County, it is highly unlikely election-rigging is going on because of the bipartisan system used at the polls.

At every station, from greeting, check-in, printing and initialing to scanning the voter ballot, the poll workers are equal parts Democrat and Republican to ensure fraud doesn’t occur. The employees are friendly, but they keep each other in check, Martin said.

“It sounds to me like sour grapes,” Martin said on Trump’s rigging allegations.

Martin said she is lucky to have a great team from both the Democratic and Republican parties, which has made early voting smooth sailing in Monroe County thus far.

The only fraud at the polls Martin said she could think of was human error, such as employees incorrectly entering voter information, such as name, address or date of birth, accidentally or because it was illegible and they were forced to guess the spelling.

William Ellis, chairman of the Monroe County Republican Party, said there are always rumors about dead people voting, particularly in Chicago, but those have never been fully investigated. Voters are discouraged from voting by the fraud because they believe it makes their votes less valuable, he said.

Ellis said he would like to see further investigation today because he has read about multiple instances of electronic ballots switching from Republican to Democrat in Texas.

Lisa Houlette, a resident of Arlington, Texas, posted on Facebook on Monday that she tried to vote a straight Republican ticket. However, the machine selected Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine under the presidential vote, she said. Houlette said she tried to fix the selection but had to ask for help from two employees before her vote could be corrected.

Because Monroe County uses paper ballots instead of electronic, voter fraud is less likely, but not impossible, Ellis said. For example, absentee ballots are done by mail and require no ID, 
he said.

Martin said absentee ballots are a good option for the elderly, disabled and those who cannot make it to the polls on election day. However, she has no control over what happens to the ballot once it is mailed to someone’s house, so they should ensure their ballot is filled out how they like.

Mark Fraley, chair of the Monroe County Democratic Party, said Trump’s comments were not surprising because anytime he fails, including with the campaign, bankruptcies or his reality television show “The Apprentice,” Trump blames somebody else. There is no evidence to suggest the election in Monroe County is rigged, he said.

“I think this is one of those things we can toss alongside conspiracy theories like the moon landing and Area 51,” Fraley said.

Norman Horrar, a Bloomington resident who voted early Thursday, said Trump’s allegations are 
ridiculous.

“It’s propaganda,” Horrar said. “People should laugh.”

Based on his experience with early voting, Horrar said he saw no signs of fraud or how it could occur.

Bloomington resident Adam Breneman, who also voted early Thursday, said citing the 2000 election fraud is a possibility but based on his experience with early voting he did not believe the election was rigged.

“This is just another example of Trump talking out of his ass,” Breneman said.

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Latino community reacts to Trump’s immigration policy

As of 2014, there were an estimated 11 million illegal immigrants living in the United States, according to the Pew Research Center. More than half of these are Mexican immigrants.

In June 2015, Donald Trump discussed the dilemma of immigration in the U.S. and accused Mexico of sending drugs, crime and rapists to the country in his campaign announcement speech.

This statement has caused controversy among members of the Latino community. Sylvia Martinez, director of the IU Latino Studies Program, said she was shocked by Trump’s comments on 
immigration.

“It was completely ridiculous and out of touch with reality,” Martinez said.

According to another study by the Pew Research Center, first-generation immigrants are less likely to engage in criminal activity than native-born citizens or second-generation 
immigrants.

Martinez, whose own parents were once illegal immigrants from Mexico, said the accusations made by Trump affected her 
personally.

“For me, it was impactful because it was suggesting that my parents are criminals, rapists and murderers, which they are not,” Martinez said. “They came here illegally in the ‘70s to pursue opportunities.”

Martinez’s parents are now U.S. citizens, she said.

In his announcement speech, Trump also said he will build a wall along the Mexican border in order to prevent illegal immigrants from entering the country. Martinez said she believes this idea is too unrealistic and expensive to actually be successful. She said it may make the journey past the border more difficult, but not impossible, so it would also be unsuccessful at keeping out illegal immigrants.

Last year, Trump said he would deport all illegal immigrants residing in the U.S. Martinez said she believes the deportation to be unfair to immigrants who have been productive during their time in the U.S.

Martinez said she also believes the deportations would break up families where the children are citizens but not their parents and vice-versa.

Overall, Martinez said she is not a fan of our current immigration policy, which she considers to be “broken” and in need of 
reform.

“There needs to be some legislation where if you’ve shown that you worked a stable job, you pursued education or military service or whatever that is that shows you’ve been a productive citizen, there should be a pathway towards citizenship,” Martinez said.

In the 2016 presidential election, Martinez said she will be supporting Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton. While Martinez said she doesn’t know what Clinton will do specifically to help Latino culture, she said cannot allow herself to vote for Trump.

Martinez said she still doesn’t understand how the Republican candidate has been this successful with his campaign.

Martinez said she believes these statements have had a negative influence on Trump’s 
supporters.

She said a man shouted at her mother from his truck to “go back to her country,” and her husband was threatened by a man who said the government was going to build a wall.

Martinez said one of the things she wants to teach people through the Latino Studies Program is that the Latino community is composed of more than just illegal immigrants.

“The Latino and Hispanic population in the U.S. is really diverse,” Martinez said. “So the majority of Latinos in the U.S. really are U.S.-born.”

In order to better understand the Latino community and combat stereotypes, Martinez said she encourages others to expose themselves to its culture.

“Read a book, take a class,” Martinez said. “Always be critical of what you read.”

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The final debate fact checked

For the final presidential debate, the Republican and Democratic nominees discussed a series of topics all related to the future presidency. The IDS fact-checked the candidates’ responses to these topics on a rating scale of true, mostly true, mostly false and false based on research of the facts behind the statements.

Supreme Court

Clinton: “Because I support the second amendment doesn’t mean that I want people who shouldn’t have guns to be able to threaten you, kill you or members of your family. And so when I think about what we need to do, we have 33,000 people a year who die from guns. I think we need comprehensive background checks. We need to close the online loophole, close the gun show loophole.” RATING: TRUE.

Ninety-one people per day are killed with guns, according to Everytown research. Therefore an average of 33,215 lives are lost due to gun violence every year.

Trump: “I’m very proud to have the endorsement of the NRA. It’s the earliest endorsement they’ve ever given to anybody who ran for president. I’m very honored by all of that.” RATING: MOSTLY TRUE

The NRA endorsed Trump in May 2016. This is earlier than the two previous Republican nominees, John McCain and Mitt Romney, who both received their endorsements in October, a month before the general election.

Immigration

Clinton: “I have been for border security for years, and in the Senate, I voted for it.” RATING: TRUE

Hillary voted for the Secure Fence Act of 2006, which authorized about 700 miles of fencing to be installed along the country’s southern border, along with other security measures. It was the beginning of an attempt to pass comprehensive immigration reform.

Trump: “Drugs are pouring in through the border.” RATING: MOSTLY TRUE.

Many drugs come from Mexico, but a large amount also come from Afghanistan and other countries.

Economy

Clinton: “Donald’s plan has been analyzed to conclude it might lose jobs. Why? Because his whole plan is to give the biggest tax breaks ever to the wealthy...” RATING: TRUE.

Trump’s proposal would deliver massive tax breaks to the wealthiest Americans and a relatively small amount to the poorest demographic, according to the advocacy group Citizens for Tax Justice.

Trump: “Through my program, I will create 25 million jobs, a 4 percent growth.” RATING: FALSE.

The Congressional Budget Office forecasts a rise of only 7 million in employment by 2026, according to the New York Times.

[Kelley students unswayed by Trump's financial plan | IDS]

Fitness to be president

Clinton: “The Clinton Foundation uses 90 percent of our profits to help others.” RATING: MOSTLY TRUE.

About 89 percent of the Clinton Foundation funding goes to charity. Nevertheless, about 6 percent of the tax charity money goes towards charity. This is the difference between a nonprofit organization and foundation.

Trump: “He went after a disabled reporter,” Clinton said. “Wrong,” Trump said. RATING: FALSE.

Trump did make fun of disabled reporter Serge Kovaleski in November 2015. There are multiple news outlets that produced the footage from the press conference.

Foreign hot spots

Clinton: “Donald is implying that he did not support the invasion of Iraq. But he was.” RATING: MOSTLY FALSE

There is no evidence Trump expressed public opposition to the war before the U.S. invaded. Rather, he offered lukewarm support. The Republican nominee only began to voice doubts about the conflict well after it began in March 2003.

Trump: “She gave us ISIS because her and Obama made this small vacuum,” Trump said. RATING: MOSTLY FALSE.

The rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria happened before Obama's presidency and Clinton's position as Secretary of State. Experts say people can blame both Bush and Obama for creating a vacuum in the region allowing the group to form. 

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Women support Trump despite lewd comments

On country roads outside Bloomington, houses are decorated with American flags and eagle statues. As people drive by, they may also see signs for Donald Trump and Mike Pence with the slogan “Make American Great Again.”

Phyllis Henry, a Bloomington resident, has signs for Trump, Trey Hollingsworth for Indiana district 9 and Eric Holcomb for governor in her yard. She said she continues to support Trump despite his lewd comments because she was raised a conservative. She said the alleged sexual assault accusations are fabricated by the Democratic Party to worsen public opinion of Trump. However, Henry said she was offended by the comments in the “Access Hollywood” clip. But she said the comments came out 11 years ago, and since then Trump has become a better person.

“I believe people can change,” Henry said. “Everybody makes mistakes. We’re human.”

Since the release of the tape of Donald Trump making lewd comments and bragging about sexual assault, Trump has lost support across the board and particularly among women.

Forty percent of women are less likely to support Trump after viewing the hot-mic tape, and 16 percent of Republican women are less likely to support him after the release of the tape, according to an ABC News and Washington Post poll.

Henry said Trump’s mistakes from decades ago will come up because he is in the spotlight, but her own will not because she is not a public figure. Trump deserves the same treatment as any other person because in 2005 when he made the comments he did not know that he would be running for political office one day, she said.

Henry said Trump is not perfect. However, she added Hillary Clinton is by far worse because she is not trustworthy. She said Trump’s status as an outsider and his business experience is what the United States needs right now.

“The country needs a fresh start,” Henry said.

Bloomington resident Glen Sparks said Trump has no tact, but still has his vote.

Andrea Sparks, a Bloomington resident, said at the end of the day the country is in an economic slump, and Trump is the man to fix it. Nevertheless, she said she is nervous Trump will make mistakes when it comes to the military and foreign policy, in particular.

Trump may get too aggressive with the United States’ enemies and get the country into another war, Andrea said.

Sara Skrabalak, a Bloomington resident with signs for Clinton, governor candidate John Gregg and other Democratic Party candidates in her yard, said she was not surprised by Trump’s comments in the “Access Hollywood” clip based on the previous discriminatory comments he had made. However, as a woman and a Democrat, she said she is frustrated.

Trump is not concerned about people, Skrabalak said. Americans are economically hurting, and Trump’s rise to power reflects the extent of economic hurt.

Americans are looking a candidate who speaks to their concerns and frustrations, Skrabalak said. She said she hopes their frustrations can be channeled through more constructive political dialogue because she does not want her country to have a president who brags about sexual assault.

Trump’s language and people’s dismissal of the comments are hurting people, 
she said.

“I hope people might take a moment to pause and think about people who are victims of sexual assault,” 
Skrabalak said.

As a woman, Andrea said she is not pleased with his comments. However, she is unsure if the sexual assault claims are true. The Democratic Party may have paid these women to say Trump assaulted them, she said.

Andrea said though she thinks Trump is a loud mouth, she will still vote for him because Clinton is a hypocrite who is not truly for women.

Andrea said if her husband did what Bill Clinton did to his wife, she would not keep him around. She said she does not like that Bill is involved in the campaign and continues to support his wife.

“I won’t vote for her,” Andrea said. “That’s for darn sure. I don’t respect her.”

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Round Two: the second presidential debate addressed American issues

Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump took the stage and looked at each other. Clinton swung her hand out slightly toward her opponent, but Trump made no motion toward Clinton for the customary handshake. This tense interaction set the tone for the rest of the debate.

Trump began with an apology to his family and the American people for the comments he made in 2005 while filming for “Access Hollywood.” He said the comments were just locker room talk.

“No one has more respect for women than I do,” Trump said.

However, Clinton said Trump has targeted not only women, but also Muslims, Latinos, the disabled and prisoners of war. That is not who this country is, she said.

The United States is great because people respect one another, and she said this is the country she will serve if she is fortunate enough to become president.

Trump said radical Islamic terrorism is the issue, and he is dissatisfied with Clinton’s and President Obama’s refusal to use the term “radical Islamic terror.”

“Before you stop it you have to say the name,” Trump said.

However, Clinton said the U.S. is not at war with Islam. Instead, the country is fighting violent jihadist terrorists.

Trump said he does not want to see hundreds of thousands of Syrian immigrants resettle in the U.S. because they are a risk to the nation.

“We know nothing about their values, and we know nothing about their love for our country,” Trump said. Drugs are also pouring in from south of the border, 
he said.

Clinton said people should think of the children suffering in the catastrophic war largely because of Russian aggression. She said she will increase vetting and make it as tough as it needs to be. The country cannot ban people based on religion because the country is built on religious freedom, Clinton said.

Trump said Clinton has such bad judgment on refugees and immigrants that “honestly she should never be President of the United States.”

Nevertheless, reigning in costs is the most important duty of the next president, Clinton said. Trump said he will eliminate Obamacare because it is a “total disaster.”

“You know it, we all know it,” he said.

However, Clinton said the Affordable Care Act has helped insure millions of Americans and will continue to do so.

On Syria, Clinton said she does support the effort to investigate the Syrians and the Russians for war crimes. Trump said he will be a president for all people and Clinton is all talk and gets 
nothing done.

“I want to be the president for all Americans,” Clinton said. “I want us to heal our country and bring it together.”

The next and final debate will occur Oct. 19 at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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5 things to take away from the debate

Last night the sides of the aisle switched colors on stage, with Hillary Clinton donned in red and Donald Trump in a blue tie. The differences continued on from there.

Trump’s economic plan is “Trump’ed up” according to Clinton.

Trump said overseas industries are taking the United States' jobs. He said special interest groups own these companies and in order to bring back jobs, companies must stop them from leaving. He questioned why Clinton has not made the economy better in her thirty years in politics.

Clinton said Trump’s plan would lose three and a half million jobs. She said clean energy will be the next step in revamping our economy and becoming the clean energy superpower of the 21st century.

Investing in people will bring back the country’s economy.

Trump said regulations are too strict and new companies cannot form.

“You are going to raise taxes big leagues, and you have plans to make them even worse,” Trump said to Clinton.

Clinton said broad-based inclusive growth is what is needed in America, and advantages for people at the very top need to be limited. She said she does not believe top-down, trickle economics will work to stimulate the country’s economy.

Who can the country trust to be president?

Both candidates said the other was not fit to lead the country. Trump said Clinton’s economic reforms would not produce jobs. He said if her plan is put in place manufacturing would be up to 50 percent. Clinton responded with a plug for her website, which had been turned into a live fact-checker for the night.

Trump said he will release his tax returns when Clinton releases her emails. Clinton said in her two-minute response Trump has a history of racist behavior. She said Trump had a lawsuit brought against him for hiring discrimination based on race and said this should reflect on his ability to handle race relations in the country, particularly at such a tense time in the last few years.

Clinton said she made a mistake using a private email account for government use.

“If I could do it over again, I would obviously do it differently,” Clinton said.

Criminal justice reform is more relevant than ever.

Clinton said she’s called for criminal justice reform since the beginning of her campaign. She said there are police officers who equally want reform.

“We have to bring communities together in order to work on that as a mutual goal,” Clinton said.

“Secretary Clinton doesn’t want to use a couple of words: and that’s law and order,” Trump said in response to Clinton’s stance on gun control. He said the country should use the “stop and frisk” tactic. He did agree with Clinton that better relationships between the community and police are needed.

Security in America is an issue on and off the internet.

Trump said fixing the cyber security problem is hardly doable and related it back to the overall state of the country. He said ISIS would not have been formed if Clinton and the Obama administration had kept troops in the Middle East.

Clinton said in her response to Trump the only way to stop ISIS was to disarm their leaders. She said NATO has an important role in doing this.

“We’ve got to do everything we can to vacuum up intelligence from Europe, the Middle East,” Clinton said. “We have to work more closely with our allies.

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Bloomington Catholics comment on Trump

At St. Paul’s Catholic Church, Father Patrick Hyde leads Sunday Mass, calling the congregation of hundreds to prayer.

God wills the salvation of all, Father Hyde said, preaching the Church’s values. In order to go to heaven, Catholics must serve their brothers and sisters, particularly those in the most need — the poor and the oppressed, he said.

“Everyone knows who Warren Buffet is because he’s rich,” Father Hyde said to the congregation. “But do you know the names of those begging for money downtown?”

The Catholics are the next group Donald Trump will try to win over before the upcoming election.

Last week, the Trump campaign announced the creation of a Catholic Advisory Group to support Trump on issues and policies important to Catholics.

This is Trump’s only advisory board for a religious group. The formation of this group represents Trump’s endorsement of a range of issues and policies important to Catholics, such as religious liberty, a pro-life stance on abortion and judicial nominations, according to a Trump campaign press release.

“On the issues and policies of greatest concern to Catholics, Donald Trump will fight for Catholics, whereas Hillary Clinton is openly hostile to those issue of greatest concern to Catholics and will attack the core teachings of the Catholic Church,” said Rep. Sean Duffy, R-Wis. in the 
release.

The advisory board is made up of 34 members, including Sen. Rick Santorum, a former presidential candidate and senator from Pennsylvania, and Matt Schlapp, chairman of the American Conservative Union.

“(Trump) is realizing the importance of Catholics and wants to appeal to them,” said Brother Christopher Johnson, a seminary student training at St. Paul’s.

The Roman Catholic Church is the largest single religious denomination in the United States, according to the Pew Research Center.

As a businessman, Trump is not a mainstream Republican candidate with conservative values, so Catholics have been hesitant to support him, IU junior Tyler Johnson said.

“The Catholic Church prides itself on being a welcoming community,” Johnson said.

Trump’s controversial rhetoric on immigration and the general way he treats people is not congruent with the Church’s values, 
Johnson said.

Latinos, who have a strong presence in the Catholic community, are particularly stung by Trump’s comments, Johnson said. The establishment of the Catholic Advisory Group could be Trump backpedaling to appeal to the growing minority. 

The demographic of Latino U.S. Catholics has grown by five percentage points since 2007 from 29 percent to 34 percent, while the percentage of all U.S. adults who are Latino has grown from 12 percent to 15 percent, according to the Pew Research Center.

The share of Catholics who are Hispanic is likely to continue to grow because 46 percent of Catholic millennials are Latino, while 43 percent are white.

IU sophomore Magdalena Lara said the creation of the advisory group does not make her think better of Trump.

“He’s done a lot to put the Hispanic community down,” Lara said. “I doubt this will change anyone’s opinion.”

However, as Catholics are generally conservative, Lara said she understands why he is trying to appeal to Latinos.

Johnson said he is happy Trump has come out as pro-life. However, he would like to see Trump take a stronger stance on the issue, he said.

The Catholic Church and pro-life movement support life from “the womb to the tomb,” which includes opposing both abortion and the death penalty.

Johnson protests outside Planned Parenthood every Thursday. He said he prays for the workers and those receiving services that God may intervene.

Because of his pro-life stance, Johnson said he struggles to support Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton. However, her running mate Tim Kaine is Catholic, and he has attracted a lot of attention from the Church and Catholic voters, he said.

Johnson said he has not decided who he will vote for, so he will continue to pray for political guidance.

“I pray that the candidates support our faith,” Johnson said.

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Clinton accepts nomination during the last night of the DNC

PHILADELPHIA – Hillary Clinton officially accepted the presidential nomination for the Democratic Party- the first woman in history to do so July 28.

The night carried the theme of Clinton’s campaign slogan Stronger Together, a reference to mending party ties both with Republicans and within the Democratic Party itself.

Speakers from all minority groups focused heavily on Clinton’s inclusiveness through social advocacy.

Her only daughter Chelsea introduced her, saying her mother taught through example that, “public service is about service.”

Clinton’s daughter served the same role as former president Bill Clinton did on July 26, to give the public a more personal look into the former secretary of state’s life.

She shared anecdotes of family dinners, where she was always asked what she was learning before her political parents discussed their own work.

She told the crowd that her mother made time for her soccer practices and dance recitals and would leave her stacks of notes when she traveled for work as first lady or senator of 
New York.

Clinton’s presidential campaign has advertised her motherhood as a way to humanize her – something she herself addressed in her acceptance speech.“ I get it, some people just don’t know what to make of me,” Clinton said.

Her daughter, who joined Clinton on the campaign trail while pregnant, spoke of Clinton’s unwavering attention to her two grandchildren. Saying that she never misses an opportunity to FaceTime her granddaughter Charlotte or grandson Aiden.

The lineage of feminist women in the Rodham-Clinton family was echoed throughout the keynote speeches. Clinton spoke of her recently deceased mother’s childhood and how she taught her to be resilient against bullies, a point Clinton then used to attack Republican nominee Donald Trump.

Clinton told the crowd that Trump’s temper would be his downfall, in addition to his lack of experience.

“A man you can bait with a tweet is not a man you can trust with nuclear weapons,” she said.

But for every jab she threw at Trump, Clinton backed it up with her own policies on health care, gun reform, foreign affairs and equal pay.

Clinton simultaneously picked apart Trump’s acceptance speech in which he claimed he could fix America’s issues on his own, while uniting the party under the Stronger Together stance.

She also consoled Bernie Sanders supporters, who wore glow in the dark neon T-shirts, telling them the two Democratic candidates would partner together to tackle student loans and debt.

Addressing clear divides in the political realm, Clinton told the crowd she would be a president for everyone – Republicans, Democrats and Independents alike.

She also spoke to the historic nature of her nomination, saying that the glass ceiling for women no longer existed and that the sky was the limit.

“Let our legacy be about planting a garden we will never get to see,” Clinton said.

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Trump gives a last fiery plea to unite the party

CLEVELAND — After a week of division in the party over him, Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump delivered his pitch for himself for the GOP at the final night of its convention July 21.

Calling himself the law and order candidate, the voice of Republican voters and the person who can “fix the system,” Trump attempted to fire up a delegation that tried to change rules to block his nomination and contested delegate votes against him.

“I am with you, I will fight with you and I will win with you,” he said to unite the party with him.

In an atypical, scripted speech leaked earlier in the day, Trump described an America plagued with violence to blame on the politics of President Obama, Democratic presidential candidate and former secretary of state Hillary Clinton and illegal immigration.

Trump pitched himself as someone who not only will save America from any danger but persecute those who put America in danger.

“I am the law and order candidate,” Trump repeated throughout the night as he played judge and jury 
to Clinton, Obama, terrorism and Washington 
insiders.

“LOCK HER UP” chants from the crowd bursted throughout the night in references to Clinton, who many in the Republican party believe should be charged with crimes involving her private internet server she used for her emails as secretary of state.

“Her single greatest accomplishment may be committing such an egregious crime and getting away with it,” Trump said about Clinton’s email scandal.

After beginning the immigration portion of his speech, delegates and attendees began chanting “BUILD THE WALL” in reference to his proposed policy to build a wall across the Mexican-American border.

A protester from the women’s organization Code Pink reportedly called Trump a racist, which caused a stir with delegates and a pause in the speech.

Trump’s daughter Ivanka Trump introduced her father, describing him as a kind and compassionate man in an appeal to female voters.

She spoke of his desire to help close the wage gap between men and women — specifically for married women.

She also said her dad’s business career would make him the best president for the job market, tax reform and trade.

“He is the right executive to lead this $18 trillion economy,” she said.

The Trump campaign has focused heavily on economic policies in days leading up to the convention in hopes to sway supporters of former Democratic candidate Bernie Sanders, who campaigned heavily on jobs and trade platforms.

More than the other two popular chants, “U-S-A” cheers interrupted Trump multiple times throughout the night.

He didn’t hesitate to join in or encourage them to be louder.

“Let’s make America great again,” he concluded.

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Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump speaks to the audience Thursday evening at the Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland, Ohio during his speech accepting the Republican presidential nomination.

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Mike Pence accepts vice presidential nomination under Donald Trump

CLEVELAND — Informing delegates unfamiliar with him that he is a “Christian, conservative and Republican, in that order,” Indiana Gov. Mike Pence accepted the vice presidential nomination under Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump on Wednesday night at the Republican National Convention.

Pence concluded Wednesday night’s speakers at the Republican National Convention, which also featured Ted Cruz.

“If you know anything about the Hoosier state, you know we like to compete, and we’re here to win,” Pence said. “You have nominated a man for president who never quits. He is a winner.”

Pence cited income tax cuts in Indiana among his 
accomplishments.

He proposed a campaign focused on issues such as protection for veterans and police officers, education reform and domestic job creation for now until the November election.

“On issue by issue, Trump and I will take our case to the voters,” Pence said. “We will win the hearts and minds of the American people with a vision for a stronger and more prosperous America.”

Pence also spoke about taking steps to eradicate terrorist groups such as ISIS.

He also expressed support for Israel.

Pence expressed his faith multiple times during his speech, prompting the crowd to recite the end of the pledge of allegiance with him, beginning with “one nation, under god.”

Like many other speakers at the convention, Pence made sure to assert his opposition to presumptive Democratic presidential nominee 
Hillary Clinton.

“In the end, this election comes down to two names on the ballot,” Pence said. “So let’s vow to never let Hillary Clinton become president.”

Pence concluded his speech by assuring the Republican Party of his preparedness for the 
campaign.

“We have but one choice, and that man is ready, this team is ready and this party is ready,” Pence said. “We will make America great again.”

Other speakers Wednesday included former politician Newt Gingrich, Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker and radio host Laura Ingraham. Most speakers used a portion of their time on stage to confirm their confidence in Trump instead of Clinton. Florida Sen. Marco Rubio did so in a video address.

“No more double standards for Clinton,” Walker said. “Why? Because America deserves better.”

In keeping with the night’s theme of “Make America First Again,” Colonel Eileen Collins, the first woman to pilot the space shuttle, spoke about promoting continued space program 
development.

“Countries that are strong are countries that explore, invent and discover to remain resilient in a changing world,” Collins said. “We need programs that will make America’s space program first again.”

Women delegates split on Trump’s views

As Republican leaders try to unify their party at the national convention this week, some comments from the party’s nominee continue to divide the party’s women.

Female delegates attending the convention have mixed feelings regarding Donald Trump’s statements and attitudes toward women. Though some said they think his words and statements upset them, others said they believe his actions should speak louder than those words.

“I like to characterize it as locker-room talk,” Texas delegate Janis Holt said. “I don’t necessarily like that he makes it part of his public persona instead of keeping it solely in his personal life.”

Holt said she was completely against Trump as a presidential candidate until he chose Indiana Gov. Mike Pence as his running mate.

“I’m hoping Pence will help him settle down a little,” Holt said. “It might make his comments more appropriate.”

Though Trump can be polarizing to Republican women, many delegates said they widely view Pence as a positive addition to the ticket.

“If you want an honest man, you have that in Pence,” Indiana delegate Carol McDowell said. “And if you’re a mom like I am, Pence is on your side. He looks after people. He can bring balance.”

McDowell said she felt more supportive of Pence than Trump, but still thought Trump was supportive of women.

“I’ve been in business, which is a man’s world, since I was 22,” McDowell said. “He seems to exemplify what I learned there, which is that if you work hard, you will be given a seat at the table.”

Indiana delegate Barbara Krisher said she thought Trump’s actions were more important than his words to women.

“He has many women in powerful positions in his company, and he treats his wife and daughter with great respect,” Krisher said. “So I don’t really care about any of the words he says.”

Many delegates from outside Indiana said they did not know much about Pence, but felt he would generally keep Trump’s comments under control.

“I know a lot of congressmen from my state who speak very highly of Pence,” Ohio delegate Sandra Barber said. “I think his Midwest influence will help Trump bring a little more sense to the campaign and a little more knowledge of the political arena.”

For Indiana delegate Pat Brown, Pence’s stance on women wasn’t the most relevant thing to focus on. As the delegation prepared for Pence to speak Wednesday night, she said she thought Pence was the smartest decision for Trump from a political standpoint.

“Whether or not you agree with his views, Mike Pence has a lot of political experience,” Brown said. “He has enough insight to keep Trump from stumbling.”

Delegates confirm Trump as nominee

CLEVELAND – One thousand seven hundred twenty-five delegates officially chose Donald Trump as the Republican nominee for president Tuesday.

“Its my honor to be able to throw Donald Trump over the top in the delegate count tonight with 89 delegates,” Trump's son Donald Trump Jr. said when reporting the New York delegate count that confirmed the nomination for his father. “Congratulations, Dad. We love you.”

Delegates who tried to block a Trump nomination – called the Never Trump movement – did not make any last minute efforts to avoid a nomination of the businessman, though District of Columbia did report their 19 delegates as 10 for Florida Sen. Marco Rubio and 9 for Ohio Gov. John Kasich, despite their delegates being bound to be cast to Trump. 

Alaska also asked that their tally be changed and recounted with one less vote for Trump before announcing the official results.

Indiana Gov. Mike Pence was also officially nominated as the vice presidential candidate. Lt. Gov. and possible replacement for Gov. Pence as the Republican nominee for governor Eric Holcomb put Pence’s name into nomination.

Pence will deliver his speech at Wednesday night’s session of the convention.

Results for other top Republican candidates included 475 delegates for Texas Sen. Ted Cruz, 120 for Kasich and 112 for Rubio.

Speakers at Tuesday’s session themed “Make America Work Again” included New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, a former Republican primary candidate and former contender for Trump's vice presidential choice.

Christie gave a fiery speech against presumptive Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton.

“She fights for the wrong people," Christie said. "She doesn’t fight for us.” 

Christie also criticized various Clinton policies such as the nuclear negotiations with Iran and her handling of the 2012 attacks in Benghazi.

Dr. Ben Carson, another former Republican candidate, Trump’s children Tiffany and Donald Trump, Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson and Attorney General Leslie Rutledge also spoke Tuesday.

Wednesday's session is to begin at 7 p.m., with Gov. Pence is the headlining speaker.

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Delegates find plagiarism claims noticeable but not worrying

After Melania Trump’s speech Monday at the Republican National Convention, it soon became clear parts of her address had been said before. Sentences and paragraphs of the speech bore strong similarities, sometimes word-for-word, to Michelle Obama’s 2008 Democratic Convention speech.

“The borrowing is clear as a bell,” said Roy Peter Clark, senior scholar at the Poynter Institute. “You have to be one of the worst kinds of partisans to try to deny the similarities.”

Yet staffers from Donald Trump’s presidential campaign initially made attempts to do just that. Trump aide Paul Manafort first said there was no borrowed language between the two speeches. Manafort later said the issue was overblown and unimportant to the campaign.

Many delegates said while they noticed the similarities, they don’t find them worrying.

“At the end of the day, I’m sure it wasn’t intentional plagiarism of the First Lady,” Indiana delegate Tom John said. “The sentiments she expressed are universal, so it seems reasonable that anybody could have said them.”

For a non-political figure to make their first public address at such a large event is a daunting task and credit ought to be given for that, John said.

“It’s disappointing this problem happened, but to me it’s even more disappointing the Obamas haven’t lived up to these words,” Idaho delegate Ron Nate said. “I think even if the Republicans didn’t come up with these words, they will actually live up to them.”

Clark said plagiarism seems to be a natural progression of the Trump campaign’s disregard for consistent factual accuracy. But he said it might also be more of a reflection of organizational failings than any views held by the Trumps.

“Plagiarism often occurs as a result of bad working habits or a disorganized organization,” Clark said. “This suggests more about the structure of the Trump campaign than about its attitudes toward plagiarism. Sometimes when something looks and smells like corruption to us, it’s often just incompetence.”

Washington delegate Garry Pagon said while he noticed the similarities, it wasn’t an issue he hadn’t seen before. Pagon said he has been a delegate since 1976.

“Comments from the non-political side tend to get recycled,” Pagon said. “It certainly doesn’t surprise me that her speech stayed so general and generic, even though I’m sure it was put together by speechwriters.”

Clark said while misuse of language by politicians has long been common, lifting language from the opposite political party’s comments was unexpected.

“It’s always been good for journalists to act as language abuse detectors,” Clark said. “It’s also good for citizens to apply some critical literacy skills to avoid being misled.”

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Trump picks Pence as VP, faces criticism over announcement speech

Since presidential hopeful Donald Trump officially announced his vice presidential pick, the criticism hasn’t stopped.

Save statements from Republican associations approving Trump’s pick, both an expansive internet and social media community and Democratic organizations have been buzzing over the presumptive presidential nominee’s selection, and not in a good way.

After John Zody, chairman of the Indiana Democratic Party, said in a statement he thought Mike Pence had spent the past three years as governor focused only on himself, he said Pence would have to account for his bad reputation as Indiana’s governor while on the campaign trail.

“He has embarrassed Hoosiers, signed divisive and discriminatory legislation into law and alienated the business community, costing our state money in the process,” Zody said. “Unfortunately, that qualifies him as a compatible running mate for Donald Trump, who is out only for himself and running one of the most toxic presidential campaigns in history.”

The GOP’s official website, on the other hand, features a prominent headline deeming Pence a “rock solid VP pick.”

“Governor Mike Pence is a strong addition to the ticket,” Reince Priebus, Republican National Committee chairman, said in a release. “Governor Pence is an experienced public servant and a solid conservative whose policies have led to the longest period of uninterrupted job growth in Indiana’s 
history.”

The Trump and Pence topic has been trending on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter, and both conservatives and liberal voters have been discussing the news — in particular Trump’s speech announcing Pence as his VP ­— at length.

“At this point, I sincerely believe that this entire Trump campaign was a ‘Punk’d’ episode gone terribly wrong,” one Facebook poster wrote, linking her statement to a video of Trump’s speech introducing Pence.

“I couldn’t finish it,” another person wrote. “It was like seventh-grade Donald Trump introducing his vice president for student 
council.”

It takes a lot of scrolling to find something positive.

“Great choice,” one man writes, with a link to the same speech. “Trump will be our next president because in the final analysis Americans are smart enough to realize what message we are sending to the rest of the world, and to each other, when we elect a known criminal, and a known immoral husband, as the leaders of our country. Please pass this thought on if you agree.”

The post had only one like and zero shares.

Trump has faced a lot of criticism since delivering his speech, which many people claim barely mentioned Pence and, instead, focused more on the presidential nominee himself.

NBC News broadcasted a word cloud that showed a significant lack of Pence’s name mentioned throughout the speech. In a word cloud, words that are mentioned frequently are larger than words that are hardly mentioned. While “Mike” and “Pence” are larger than words like “Hillary,” “evangelicals,” “horrible” and “veterans” in the cloud, they’re about the same size as “Trump” and much smaller than “people,” “country” and “Indiana.”

Sunday, following his speech, Trump’s campaign released a statement from the presidential nominee and several selected media quotes and tweets about Pence being a positive pick.

The campaign’s release describes Trump’s choice as “a move that brings the party closer together as the Republican National Convention nears,” although Pence and Trump have been known to disagree on several core issues throughout the years.

Trump’s campaign also released a more comprehensive list of people joining their expanding team, including Nick Ayers as the Senior Advisor to Pence, Marty Obst as the Manager of Vice Presidential Operations and Marc Short as Mike Pence’s Communications Adviser.

“The campaign welcomes the addition of Governor Pence and his team of advisers to the ticket,” campaign chairman Paul Manafort said in the release. “Governor Pence is a man of impeccable character, and his addition to the ticket sends a powerful message to Hillary Clinton that America is not for sale.”

Trump’s next appearance is scheduled to be at the Republican National Convention, which starts Monday in Cleveland, Ohio.

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Knight joins Trump for rally

INDIANAPOLIS — Bobby Knight returned to Indiana on Wednesday not to throw chairs but to endorse another man hungry to win­ — Donald Trump.

Knight, who won three NCAA basketball championships at IU and was known for his excitement and aggression, joined the frontrunner for the Republican presidential nomination at a rally at Indiana Farmers Coliseum ahead of Tuesday’s crucial Indiana primary.

He compared Trump to former President Harry S. Truman and said Trump would be “the most prepared man in history to step into the presidency of the United States.”

The appearance was a rare return to the state for Knight, who was fired from IU in 2000 for violating a zero-tolerance policy on aggressive behavior.

But his fanbase, like Trump’s, had a strong showing at the rally. IU clothing mingled with “Make America Great Again!” gear. The cheers for the former coach rivaled those for the billionaire 
businessman.

Before Knight took the stage, two audience members discussed his appearance.

“I’m excited to see him come out,” one said.

“I think he might get a bigger reaction than Trump,” the other replied.

Knight also told potential voters their support could lift Trump “over the top” and help Trump secure the presidential nomination. On Tuesday, Trump won primaries in five states — Connecticut, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Rhode Island — to add 109 delegates and push his delegate count to 987.

Trump needs to win 250 of the remaining 583 delegates to reach the 1,237 needed to secure the nomination. 57 are at stake in Indiana.

When Trump took the stage Wednesday, he did so to the sounds of another man known for his volume, as the Rolling Stones’ “Start Me Up” roared along with the crowd.

Trump thanked Knight and said he admired his coaching attitude. Knight called him a year ago, he said, and suggested Trump run for president months before he announced his candidacy.

Trump also reiterated his recent wins before touching on Indiana’s importance to his campaign.

“Usually by the time you get to Indiana, the race is decided,” he said. “About three weeks ago, I said, ‘Indiana’s turning out to be a very important place. As it 
should be.’”

Trump played to a local anxiety as part of his biggest talking point: employment. Fans cheered as he decried Indianapolis-based air conditioning and refrigeration manufacturer Carrier Corp.‘s plans to outsource jobs to Mexico.

Under his watch, companies like Carrier would endure a 35-percent tariff on goods imported from Mexico, Trump said. He said the consequences would keep Carrier in Indiana, “100 percent.”

Trump asked if anyone in the crowd worked for Carrier. Hands went up. He asked, for how long? They shouted out 10 years, 17 years, 18 years.

“Either they’re going to leave and make us a fortune or they’ll stay and we’ll have our jobs,” he said.

Trump also mocked rival candidates Ted Cruz and John Kasich, who, on Sunday, announced plans to unite to prevent Trump from winning key states, including Indiana.

“In business, when you collude, they put you in jail,” Trump said. “Politics is so rigged, it’s probably one of the only places you can get away with it.”

The businessman, hungry to win, told the audience America has been losing — in education, in military, in jobs, and the Second Amendment.

Other than his point on Carrier and brief mentions of ISIS and Common Core, he didn’t give specifics.

“I refuse to read you the statistics, because you’ll walk out of here totally depressed,” he told the crowd.

Then there were reassurances of victory, of security, of “making America great again.” Then Mick Jagger again: “Once you start me up, I’ll never stop.”

Despite the rally’s rock concert-like energy and playlist, once Trump exited the stage, calm ensued. No protesters showed up inside the venue, nor did they hang around outside. Only messes of Pepsi and popcorn on the floor remained.

One final commotion ensued when Trump stepped down to floor level. Fans crowded around the barricade surrounding him. Children took to parents’ shoulders to catch a glimpse.

Watching the scene, with the Stones’ “Let’s Spend the Night Together” playing overhead, Kim Duncan said he appreciated Trump’s focus on manufacturing jobs. Duncan, 60, of Kokomo, Indiana, is a retired auto worker and was a lifelong Democrat until this election cycle.

“I’m a union man, and they sent our jobs overseas for years,” he said. “He’s going to bring our jobs back.”

Another crowd member, Aaron Brodfuehrer said he likes how Trump has shaken up the Republican Party. But while Brodfuehrer, 44, of Indianapolis, appreciated Trump’s status as a political outsider and loved Knight’s appearance, he said Trump’s failure to give specifics kept him on the fence.

“It was very vague, and I can’t remember any specifics, and I wasn’t expecting them,” he said. “Just to say we’re going to win, and we’re going to fix the trade balance — I don’t see how he’s going to make these deals with these other countries when he’s got to deal with foreign policy, and he’s really got to learn more about that.”

On the PA, the Rolling Stones played “You Can’t Always Get What You Want.”

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Crowds at Trump rally in Indianapolis stay calm

INDIANAPOLIS — Donald Trump promised to keep Hoosiers working in Indiana by plopping a heavy tax on companies wishing to move jobs out of the United States.

“There have to be consequences when they leave,” he said at a rally Wednesday. “You’re going to pay a damn tax when you leave this 
country.”

He focused on Carrier Corporation, an air conditioning manufacturer that’s moving jobs to Mexico.

“You’re looking at a situation in our country where our jobs are being ripped out of our states ... like candy from a baby,” Trump said. “If I were in office right now, Carrier would not be leaving Indiana.”

The potential Republican candidate spoke at Elements Financial Blue Ribbon Pavilion, where he addressed a crowd of several thousand. This visit comes two weeks ahead of Indiana’s primary May 3.

Crowds at other rallies have been violent, but this crowd was docile.

About 60 people were gathered outside the pavilion five hours before Trump was expected. A man sold “Trump” buttons out of his pickup truck as families with kids, elderly couples and adults joined the growing line.

Despite the crowd’s calm, two women fretted about the rally turning violent. “I just don’t want to get hit,” one woman said. But the event stayed relatively peaceful. A handful of protesters were thrown out throughout the hour-long speech, and Trump told audience members not to hurt anyone.

A few men standing together sported shirts emblazoned with “Donald Trump Finally Someone with Balls.” Some supporters of the Republican frontrunner echoed this thought: that the United States needs strength, and Donald Trump is the answer.

Jaden Falcone, who lives in Bloomington, said she believes Trump is strong. 
Maybe he won’t be able to fix everything, she said, but he can give people hope.

“Trump makes me feel upbeat, and at this point I’m 100 percent behind him,” 
she said.

After pavilion doors opened at noon, the crowd filtering inside swelled. A gray haired couple giggled after taking a selfie with a Trump sign. A woman wore a fiery button that said “Bomb the Hell out of ISIS.”

People clutched Trump signs as they waited for him.

After taking the stage, Trump plunged into criticizing the media, his political opponents, the Republican Party, the entire political process, rally protesters and Hillary Clinton. He also complained about the country’s deficit and China “ripping off” the U.S.

Trump blamed the country’s deficit on its decisions to “take care” of countries like Saudi Arabia while the U.S. suffers from bad airports and broken roadways. He promised to improve relations with allies if he’s president.

“I’m greedy,” he said. “I take. Now I’m taking for the American people.”

He said he was disappointed there weren’t more protesters. Over and over again, he called Hoosiers strong while praising his own success. The U.S. has weak leadership, he said, and he intends to change that.

“It takes guts to run for president,” he said. “I’ll tell you, it takes guts. I’m millions of votes ahead. Billions.”

Right now, Trump has 845 delegates. He needs 1,237 to automatically receive the Republican nomination for president. Ted Cruz has 559, and John Kasich has 148.

“We’re gonna protect the people of Indiana,” Trump said. “You’re going to be so proud of your country.”

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A Trump supporter glances back to protestors being removed from a rally Wednesday at the Elements Financial Blue Ribbon Pavilion. Many demonstrators were removed.

Victor Grossling Buy Photos
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