The Wells effect: How Herman B Wells shaped IU



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Herman B Wells in 1965 meeting with alumni from the class of 1925. IU Archives Buy Photos

Before Herman B Wells took charge of IU as president in 1938, the University was a small Midwestern college with just 11,000 students. By the time he died in 2000, it had become a world-renowned institution with more than 90,000 students on eight campuses.

“He put Indiana University on the map, not just in the Big Ten, but nationally and internationally,” said James Capshew, associate professor of history and philosophy of science and author of a Wells biography.

Wells served as the 11th president of IU from 1938 to 1962 and as chancellor from 1962 until he passed away in 2000.

He came here as a student in 1921 and fell in love with the campus, Capshew said.

“When he became president, he was determined to offer students a similar experience to what he had,” Capshew said.

Wells is known for making some of the most substantial changes to the University, helping make it what it is today.

“He created, I think, a very extraordinary culture in Bloomington,” Chancellor Emeritus Ken Gros Louis said. “The most recently hired custodian was as important to him as the most distinguished professor.”

There are many stories about Wells’ successful desegregation efforts in Bloomington and on campus, and they were all done in a similar, nontraditional ?fashion.

“He didn’t rustle feathers,” Capshew said. “He found a way to remove barriers.”

During the early part of his presidency, The Gables, a restaurant originally located on Indiana Avenue, did not serve black students.

Wells called the owner of the restaurant and asked him to serve blacks. The owner refused.

“Wells said, ‘I understand, but I hope you will understand if I make The Gables off-limits to all students,’” Gros Louis said. “The owner started serving black students.”

Wells was also the driving force behind IU recruiting Bill Garrett, the first black basketball player in the Big Ten.

He stood up against powerful figures, such as the ?governor, in defense of Alfred Kinsey, whose controversial research into human sexuality drew criticism from big name leaders locally and ?internationally.

As president and chancellor, Wells kept in mind the future growth of the University and realized that because the institution would far outlive him, he ought to provide for its future.

The Board of Trustees criticized Wells when he bought the land upon which Assembly Hall now rests, Gros Louis said.

“That’s the kind of vision he had, and it’s why IU’s campus is so centralized,” Gros Louis said.

The first building Wells had constructed as president was the IU Auditorium.

“He said he built it because he wanted to tell students, especially students from rural Indiana, that the world was available to them,” Gros Louis said.

That same spirit of global education was what led Wells to find instructors who could come from other countries and teach at IU.

“Indiana University built the strongest foreign language program of any university in the nation,” Capshew said. “That really got started with Wells after World War II.”

But beyond providing for the future, Wells genuinely cared about the University’s students, Capshew said.

Wells developed a reputation for remembering people’s names, even if they had only met once, and he frequently took strolls around campus to meet students.

In his old age, when he was not as mobile, his assistants helped him.

“He really led through that empathy, that fellow feeling that he had for students and faculty,” Capshew said.

Today, Wells is still remembered on campus. The main library is named in his honor, and a bronze statue of him sits on a bench in the Old Crescent looking toward Dunn Woods, an area he banned the University from developing.

“He’s the one that made what I think is a very special culture,” Gros Louis said. “The time will come when nobody living will remember him, but he’ll still be remembered because of what he did for this University.”

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In 1962, Wells attends the inauguration of Elvis J. Stahr, his successor as IU president. IU Archives Buy Photos

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Herman B Wells in his office in 1947. IU Archives Buy Photos

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Herman B Wells rides a stuffed horse named Dynamite in a photo taken circa 1927 when he was a college student. IU Archives Buy Photos

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Herman B Wells dressed as Santa Claus in 1955. for decades, he donned the red suit at holiday time. IU Archives Buy Photos

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